Format/Technical: All exams must be typed, 5 double-spaced pages minimum (7 maximum) in length, with 12-point font (Times New Roman, Cambria, or Calibri) and 1 inch margins. Quotations and paraphrasing from outside sources or the textbook must be properly cited with footnotes (NOT in-text MLA style citations – CHICAGO). A bibliography is not necessary as long as you provide full citations in your footnotes. We expect all exams to be thoroughly proof-read. Essay Topic: Applied History: You work at the Office of the Historian at the United States Department of State. One of the functions of this office is to prepare “policy-supportive historical studies for Department principals and other agencies.” In this essay, you will pretend that you have been called upon by the State Department to provide historical insight and policy analysis into one of the three following situations: 3) Donald Trump’s government declares official recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The Department of State is seeking historical perspective, with an eye toward figuring out what the US position should be in these sensitive situations. Your job is to provide that perspective. Your task in this essay, whichever situation you choose, is three-fold: 1) You will create a plausible situation around your example, describing what happened, when it happened, and what appears about to happen. This part is creative, so you get to decide the details of how your chosen situation has occurred and what its immediate results have been. To make sure you have a plausible story, however, you will use 2-3 news sources on the subject (all 3 situations have a variety of current stories surrounding them). Your sources must be mainstream news sources, but they do not need to be U.S. sources. This should be about 3 paragraphs. 20 points. 2) You will then provide two viable policy approaches that the United States could take toward the situation. This should be 2 paragraphs. 10 points. 3) Finally, you will spend most of your essay explaining why you support one of the options over the other, based on the specific historical experience of the country/region, and especially on US foreign relations with the country/region. • Are there historical tensions that caused this situation to occur? • Based on history, what is likely to happen if the US responds in one way versus another? • What does history tell us about the way the country/region will respond to U.S. action or inaction? • Is it important to understand the legacies of the past before the United States takes further action here? Why or why not? You will want to be as specific as possible here. This should be at least 3 pages, and should rely on at least 2 secondary sources (one of them can be the textbook for the course and the other has to be scholarly (no encyclopedia Britannica or wikipedia). You do NOT have to agree with your administration when making recommendations (we are independent analysts). 50 points. *All essays must have a clear conclusion, follow the format and citations guidelines, be written well, and be free of errors. 20 points.