Advanced Practice Nurse (APN)

Introduction

The advanced practice nurse (APN), commonly known as an advanced practice registered nurse, coordinates and provided specialty health care as well as primary health care. They interact with the public and take care of the patients in a diversity of health institutions such as physician officers in a hospital, nursing facilities, for example, education institutions and dispensaries.  Advanced means they have a greater understanding than their correlative registered nurse, this is seen in their ability in greater decision making and expertise in the evaluation of healthcare and keeping of records, making plans and implementing them (Benner & Tanner, C. 2013). Besides, they are known to have more excellent knowledge of diagnosing as well as assessing patients. This paper comprises of an overview of the historical background of advanced practice nurse as well as a summary of an interview with an advanced nurse practitioner aimed at providing clear insight in understanding the roles of these nurses.

An advanced nurse practice has many observable and non-observable functions including dispensary and clinics. They diagnose patients as they visit a clinic and perform physical exams. It is their role to perform exams such as psychological and psychosocial functions as well as developing tests and diagnosis. An advanced practice nurse also orders lab tests and interprets the results as required. In addition, they maintain the patient's records and ensure patients privacy and clinical compliance (Fagin, (2016). Their primary role is to check the patient's progress and responses to various treatments as they modify treatments and take care of adjustment necessarily. Furthermore, advanced practice nurse provides patient's consultations to those who are yet to choose what action to take as well as giving medications to patients'.They also participate in studies especially research required in any field of medicine.

Interview

I interviewed one Rhonda Mac from Mercy hospital whose specialty is a senior adult-gerontology nurse practitioner (AGNP) specifically concerned with the welfare of patients comprehensively from adolescence to old age.  According to the interviewee, the roles of AGNP include diagnosis and treatment of patients. The interviewee further states that there are several categories of advanced practice nurses including being a clinical Nurse, Neonatal Nurse who works with premature babies, Nurse Midwife who is known for providing and coordinating patients care for mothers and expectant mothers, clinical nurses, critical nurses, and dialysis nurses.

The official title position of this advanced nurse is a clinical nurse in Mercy Hospital; he does diagnosis and treatment of patients as they come in a clinic as well as performing physical exams. It is his role to perform exams such as psychological and psychosocial functions as well as developing tests and diagnosis (Bryant‐Lukosius, 2014). He also orders lab tests and interprets the

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