Answer the following questions using the Lecture notes and other credible resources 1. Affirmative action and equal employment opportunity laws have goals that conflict with the idea of politically neutral competence. Why should hiring and promotion be based upon anything other than (1) ability to perform the job and (2) political neutrality? Also discuss partisan patronage and veterans’ preference in this context. 2. Explain how the following generally affect the operations of American administrative agencies: administrative discretion, bureaucratic neutrality, legislative intent, and legislative oversight.