An Analysis of the Dialogue between D. Juan and D. Pedro

Don Juan is a well-known legend and has featured in many literary and musical works. Such works include; Moliere's play Dom Juan, ou Le Festin de pierre (1665), Mozart's opera Don Giovanni (1787), Lord Byron's unfinished poem Don Juan (1819-1824) and George Bernard Shaw's Man and Superman (1903). The traditional depiction of Don Juan is that he is very arrogant and damned. However, in the passage discussed below, he is portrayed as a different person. He is described as a naïve, passive young and responsible young man who is being seduced, instead of being the seducer. In this passage, Don Juan is the narrator and has a very distinctive voice. He portrays himself as cynical and weary of the world. Most of the time, he does not agree with the story thus digresses a little bit. He stresses his age and deliberately makes the narrator a hero. He makes the readers think more about the story as he exploits the way the poem identifies with its creator. The form of the poem is mock-epic. Epics are usually long narrative poems about significant events or influential people. The dedication is lengthy, though it was suppressed in Byron's own lifetime. This essay intends to explain the themes in this passage and their place in Spanish society at the time and as well as some analysis on the style of writing.

The main theme is the theme of Seduction; and here, men are brought out as individuals who seduce with looks, movements, gestures, voices, sounds and sighs, words of promises and even stories. Seduction involves a set of actions that are done jointly. They are never random gestures as this will not capture the wanted art of seduction. In Spanish culture, seduction should be done through culturally prescribed codes. Gestures or promises that are meant to seduce should be done in a certain order. It must follow a prescribed form, and a specific language should be used or else the seduction process will not succeed. Above all, for a seducer to succeed, he must persuade the audience, or else it will be considered that there is no seduction (Felman, S., 2003, 45).

Another theme is that of the law. The Spanish culture has a legal process whenever there is an infringement of promises. Such cases are usually prosecuted in church courts. For a suit to be instituted, a certain formula had to be followed and it merely involved copying the complaint word by word, filling in the names of the parties involved and filling in the name of the lawyer of the suit at the end of the petition. However, the Spanish law looked deeply at the sequence of events rather than the rhetorical tactics.  The passage reads, "The legal phrases reflect an explicit cultural construct of seduction, the conviction that sexual activity from a woman's being deceived."

Moreover, culture has been depicted in this passage. A cultural analysis, either done through history or sociology, has addressed questions of how and why and this is because,“cultural analysis deals with the motivations, emotional expectations, and sys

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