Anxiety is normal and in most cases a healthy emotion in humans. On the contrary, when an individual is continually feeling excessive anxiety levels, this could be termed as a medical condition. Anxiety disorder is categorized as a mental health issue which leads to extreme nervousness, worry, fear as well as apprehension. When anxiety goes undetected for a significant period, it could lead to mental illness which will affect the patient substantially. It is normal for humans to worry and feel anxious about the future that is uncertain (Daitch, 2016). However, when it is coupled with a lot of stress an individual could end up suffering severe mental issues and even depression.
Role of Serotonin in Anxiety
Serotonin is the chemical that is produced which acts on the nervous systems and is often associated with the well-being feelings. Scientists, as well as researchers, have often studied the role of this chemical in mood disorders, depression, and anxiety (Baldwin & Leonard, 2013). Researchers believe that serotonin is active in constructing smooth muscles, transmission of impulses between given nerve cells, contributing to wellbeing and happiness as well as the regulation of cyclic processes in the body (Salzer, 2014). The chemical is also believed to be responsible for regulating and maintenance of mood balance and with the deficit of this essential chemical, one could likely suffer from depression (Dugas &Robichaud, 2012).
SSRIs as First-Line Treatment in Anxiety
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors such as paroxetineare usually the first-line treatment options for anxiety because they are highly favorable and have a high tolerability profile as well as the least potential for the drug interaction (Salzer, 2014). Of course, there is a need to administer serotonin with utmost care. Serotonin usually carries the signals between and along nerves – neurotransmitter – and it is believed to be active particularly in the constricting smooth muscles, regulating the processes of cycle body, transmitting impulses between the nerve cells, and playing a part in happiness and wellbeing. Some researchers consider serotonin a chemical, which is accountable for the maintenance of mood balance; hence, a serotonin deficit results in depression (Daitch, 2016). Various studies indicate that individuals taking SSRIs like Zoloft, Paxil, Prozac, and other First Generations (sertraline, paroxetine and Escitalopram) are almost four times more probable to be hospitalized with intestinal or stomach bleeding than individuals not taking such depressants (Daitch, 2016).
Baldwin, D. S., & Leonard, B. E. (2013). Anxiety Disorders. Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers.
Daitch, C. (2016). Anxiety Disorders: The Go-To Guide for Clients and Therapists. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20(5), 706-707. doi:10.1007/s10826-011-9530-8
Dugas, M. J., & Robichaud, M. (2012). Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: From Science to Practice. London, England: Routledge.
Salzer, S. (2014). Efficacy of manualized short-term psychodynamic therapy for separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder in children. http://isrctn.com/, 43(2), 90-102. doi:10.1186/isrctn11333815
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