Psychiatric problems can be defined as those conditions that affect mood, thinking, and behavior of an individual. To address these conditions, there is a need to incorporate theories that would help appropriately approach the problems. One of the theories is that of middle range theory which can be used to approach the practical problem of communicating with psychiatric patients. The middle range theory to approach this problem will be that of Hildegard Peplau's Interpersonal Relations Theory. The problem can also be tackled using a borrowed theory too and find a solution to it. Examples of conditions that psychiatric patients include clinical depression, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, dementia, autism among others(Kurtz, Draper, & Silverman, 2016). To best approach the problem these theories can be used because patients with these conditions must be handled in the best way possible to try and come up with the best diagnostic approach.
Summary of the problem and the potential middle-range theory
Psychiatric patients experience some disorders that need to be handled by professionals, and their interactions should be with people who understand what they are suffering from. One of the problems that nurses face in their daily activities is whereby they find it hard to communicate with the patients with the different disorders in the right and healthy way. The said disorders are clinical depression, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, dementia, autism among others. These disorders are psychiatric illnesses that cause an individual to feel significant emotions of anxiety and fear. They are serious problems among children because they put a child at risk of social, educational, and family impairment during toddlerhood, youth, and adulthood. Currently, it is estimated that the number of adults who have psychiatric problems is as large as the number of children. Hence, there is a need to develop an evidence-based treatment to prevent more children from suffering from the condition. While there are many attempts in research to formulate effective treatment approaches for these disorders among children, it has been hard to understand the causes, prevalence, and dealing mechanisms of psychiatric disorders(Peplau, Travelbee, & Orlando, 2015).
One of the middle range theories to be used on the clinical problem of communicating with psychiatric patients is the Hildegard Peplau's Interpersonal Relations Theory. This is a middle range theory that involves the creation of an interpersonal relationship between nurses and patients with special needs as part of a therapeutic process. It involves the engagement between the patients and the caregivers where they create a bond between each other through the sharing information. This helps in creating a better understanding of the patient and contributes massively to the recovery process of the patient.Hildegard Peplau's Interpersonal Relations Theory is the most appropriate theory to the problem of communication with patients suffering from psychiatric disorders. This is because it aims to develop a mutual relationship between the caregiver and the patient to help under
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