Hemovich, V., Lac, A., & Crano, W. D. (2011). Understanding early-onset drug and alcohol outcomes among youth: The role of family structure, social factors, and interpersonal perceptions of use. Psychology, health & medicine, 16(3), 249-267.
The research conducted by Hemovich, Lac and Crano (2011) delineate on the possibilities of drug use and addiction among youths with normality families. Normality families are families that have both parents. Based on the study, the researchers found out that children in families with both parents are less likely to use drug or abuse drugs compared to other non-normal families (Hemovich, Lac & Crano, 2011, p.250). Through a qualitative research design, the researchers set out to interview families of varied familial background with the need to collect sensitive information regarding drug abuse. Using the random sampling method through the National Survey of Parents and Youth (NSPY), the researchers used a computer-based generated data analytical, statistical analysis formula. As such, the dependent variable ranges from parental to social variables (Hemovich, Lac & Crano, 2011, p.253). For example, in the parental variable, measures of demographic characteristics such as age and gender as well as familial structure were measured.
Additionally, factors on parental monitoring and parental warmth were measured. As for social constructs, issues of involvement in social activities among youths including clubbing were considered as well as positive social engagement such as club scouts and youth religious groups were measured (Hemovich, Lac & Crano, 2011, p.255). Variables of intrapersonal and substance abuse were also considered. In their discovery, that substance abuse is a common feature among youths regardless of being raised in a family with stable features of two parents. Nonetheless, the abuse factor alters when parents are either missing or is only one(Hemovich, Lac & Crano, 2011, p.257).
Kelly, K. J., & Hunn, L. C. (2002). Parent-child communication, perceived sanctions against drug use, and youth drug involvement. Adolescence, 37(148), 775-788.
It is often determined that parents are crucial to their child's understanding of the world including issues about drug use and abuse. According to the study done by Kelly and Hunn (2002, p. 775), the researchers determined that parents are the most involved individuals in their children's lives when it comes to conversations on drug abuse and children also considered that their parents are the best source when it comes to knowledge on drugs. Contradictorily, the research also indicated that the youth would instead engage a larger group of other teenagers on the use of narcotics considering that sanctions plac
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