Bioprospecting is the systematic way of coming up with new ideas and sources of essential products from nature, biochemical compounds, macro-organism and micro-organism that can be easily converted for commercialization. It involves a critical examination of the bacteria and fungi found in a plant if they may contain chemical substances that are of help to the society. The local communities mostly make their discovery where they later decide to do the commercialization or else share the information to larger group of people. Their knowledge is adapted from cultural traditions or even religious beliefs which is then transmitted orally from one generation to another. However, tension has highly risen between the local communities and scientists over the discovery and establishment of given crops.
To start with, scientists draw most of their knowledge from consulting the rural people like healers or urban market sellers where they carry out their research. Plant experts conduct experiments to come up with findings that can facilitate the use of the plant for medicinal purposes. Local people are involved in giving all the minor details about the plant and how they believe it works for them in different areas. An interrelation bond is created whereby the locals tend to establish a resource that is cheaply available and can be used for the benefit of many people in society.
Despite the local people providing information to the scientist, after a product is developed the scientists go on to patent it in their name. It disregards how local people work and efforts in providing detailed information until the moment they are not recognized in the development of the final product. Most details given for free could be sold creating an income to the local people and improve standards of living among them. Medicines too if directly bought from the local people they could also earn them a higher income every single day. The scientists from different parts of the world aim at coming up with new ideas and establishments to be used by the people relying on their information or else they always want to establish and be associated with great discoveries.
Bioprospecting can lead to rivalries where the chemical or genetic substances are discovered and they have to be legally owned by different groups of people. Disagreements may arise on how benefits are to shred and how any recognition will be handled. Scientists play a significant role in establishing unity bonds between them but did not affect any moral claim. It conserves the biodiversity and preserving a common economic goal for all groups that are involved. Where boundaries are created, each group is compensated in equal amount with the level of their hard work or contribution to the success of establishing a new product.
Government contribution also comes in and for any product discovered within their property, they use it to ensure that they get compensation in whatever dimension it is used to benefit the society. In most undeveloped countries is where such inventions are made and those with greater technology come for the basic resources which are used in the development of more valuable products either medicines, cosmetics or even nutritious foodstuff. Policies of a given state govern how the benefits of a given product are to be distributed among various groups of people. It improves the economy of a country with the natural resources used by the scientists since they leave behind more revenue to local people.
Conclusively, local communities have eventually realized that the modern industry requires their information in the modification of products or coming up with new products. Therefore they strive to use the information they have for their benefit and the society that surrounds them. Scientists too are not allowed to patent any information that they are not connected initially to tor they did not discover it. It creates a harmonization and reduces the tension between them and the local communities.