The First Amendment protects religious freedoms in two different ways. First, read and understand what are the free exercise clause and the establishment clause, and how do they differ from each other? Describe some recent controversies surrounding the maintenance of a “wall of separation” between church and state. What are some recent controversies involving the free exercise of religion, and how have they been addressed by the justices of the Supreme Court? There are GREAT examples of current issues that follow this question. Be sure to do adequate research from both a current event perspective (New York Times, Washington Post, USA Today, etc) and from a research perspective (journals, articles, textbooks).