Critical Book Review

Introduction

The Red Guard movement is the basis of political protest and transformation in China. As demonstrated in the Chongqing violence, the hallowed revolutionary culture of the Red Guard generation became the prestige and status of the social currency that decisively shaped the history of China for the past five decades. Overall, the revolution has developed two groups of people in the country: adherents and opponents of the Chinese communist revolution.

Factors that Influenced the formation of the Red Guard Generation

One of the main factors that determined the composition of the RGG (Red-Guard-Generation) is the generic concept. Both in the conventional and contemporary society the generation factor is often used to highlight age group differences and to place groups and individuals within historical time. According to Young, the Red Guard Generation is the age cohort that was born around 1949 and attended middle school by the mid-1960s. Scholars also view the generation concept from the sociological perspective. This viewpoint involves the strong bond created among persons after being exposed to the mental and social symptoms of a dynamic destabilizing process.  It is in this context as Young points out that the Red Guard movement of the mid-1960s became the formative experience of the generation. Nonetheless, Young states that despite belonging to the same age cohort, exposure to different historical experiences results in different sociological generations. Generally, the social-generation concept has produced two sociological generations in China: adherents and opponents of the communist ideology.

Another factor that influenced the formation of RGG is the Cultural Revolution in China. The revolution occurred in the mid-196

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