According to the study by the University of Toronto, it is clear that most regions grow almost the same kind of crops. In the research on early agriculture, depending on societal cultures, location and climate, it was a norm to see a consistency in the kind of crops grown. It was clear that every member in each society was expected to behave in a particular way. This expectation led to the farmers too doing things in a way that was relatable to the community. For instance, if one was a farmer in a society that grew maize, they had to grow it as well since that was the stable crop to be cultivated in that region. Early agriculture too instituted a particular way of cultivation that could only allow specific crops to be yielded.
An essential aspect of any economy has always been agriculture. In the research on early agriculture, it is clear that there has been a transition over time in agriculture. This can be traced to the archeological pieces of evidence. Such pieces of evidence equally indicate cultivation of particular kinds of crop selection in the regions associated. Archeologically dated, for instance, distinct Asian regions and sited are identified to have grown wheat. Thus, according to the article, the decline of global crop diversity can be dated for years ago depending on the regions.
In conclusion, since agriculture affects the economy directly, it is essential for sustainable goals to be implemented to ensure the survival of societies and food security. The monoculture tendency can be dealt away with if the different region decides to diversify the crops grown. According to Martin, it is equally vital for the government to promote or give incentives for the growth of a variety of crops to increase the diversity of crops and thus global food security.
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