Cultural Expectations of Asian Parents on Children

Cultural Expectations of Asian Parents on Children

Agnew, R. (2015). Using general strain theory to explain crime in Asian societies. Asian Journal of Criminology10(2), 131-147.

The author of this article aims at contextualizing crime in Asian society by relating it to parenting using general strain theory (GST). By centering on the GST, the author critically analyzes the impact of strained parenting on children’s discipline since the theory tells much about the causes of crime in Asian societies. The author conducts a review of other scholarly works on GST and the crime rate in Asian communities. Fundamentally, the article makes a point that excessively strict parenting including extreme disciplining in schools contributes to the rise of criminals in society. The article is credible since it is published in a reputable journal and it is widely cited by other scholars. Besides, the author establishes his informational base by using scholarly works of other academicians.

This information-rich article will be important in explaining the detriments of raising a child in a highly strict manner.

Cheah, C. S. (2016). Commentary: Charting future directions for research on Asian American child development. Child development, 87(4), 1055-1060.

In this article, the author’s primary objective was to add to the scholarly works on the growth of children of Asian descent in the US. Focusing on Asian American children the author is able to provide direction on agreeable approaches of parenting. For instance, Cheah lays the foundation for future directions by acknowledging early contributors to development-related conditions, highlighting the cultural strengths of the Asian society and cultural adaptation among others. The author bases her work on a review of literature from where she draws her conclusions. The author notes that most of the scholarly works reviewed agree on the heterogeneity of the Asian culture which is the source of mixed messages consumed by Asian American children. The article derives its credibility from researches conducted by other academicians and also from the highly reputable journal of publication. This journal article will be instrumental in providing a different perspective of Asian culture and there adding depth to the discussion on cultural expectations Asian parents have on their children.

Cheung, C. W., & Jahn, S. A. (2017). Closing the Acculturation Gap: A Solution-Focused Approach with East Asian American Families. The Family Journal25(2), 170-178.

The focus of this article is to provide reasons why there is a need for culturally attentive counseling among the Asian community in the US. Cheung and Jahn lay a robust foundation into the article by noting the rapidity by which the Asian American community is growing. As a result of this unprecedented growth, there is thus a need for the counseling professionals to align their services to be culturally sensitive both to individuals and families. From the literature review conducted, it was ascertained that as Asians settle in the US, they undergo emotional changes of acculturation. The study proposes a solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) for solving problems brought about by family dynamics. The credibility of the article is evidenced by how the authors rely on other scholarly works to provide depth to their findings. The results of the research will be critical in explaining how an SFBT approach can help alleviate psychological needs in Asian families.

Cheung, C. H. W., Kennedy, K. J., Leung, C. H., & Hue, M. T. (2018). Religious engagement and attitudes to the role of religion in society: Their effect on civic and social values in an Asian context. British Journal of Religious Education40(2), 158-168.

This paper attempt to relate religion to societal growth in the Asian context. The researchers attempted to connect teenagers’ commitment to religion and their civil and social values. A primary motivation for the study was to establish if one’s religion impacts how they participate in their civic and social duties. From the study that was conducted, it was established that religious engagement had different impacts on students’ civic and social values. Hence, from the study, one can construe that although religion is a primary element of Asian societies, it does not solely influence their dynamics. The fact that the article borrows heavily from other scholarly works and it is published in a reputable journal explains its high level of dependability. The paper will give a religious perspective on Asian culture and the place of religion on upbringing.

Frewen, A. R., Chew, E., Carter, M., Chunn, J., & Jotanovic, D. (2015). A cross-cultural exploration of parental involvement and child-rearing beliefs in Asian cultures. Early Years35(1), 36-49.

In this article, the authors focus on describing parenting beliefs and the impact of parental participation in the life of Asian children. Frewen et al. collaborate worked done by Cheah that Asian parenting styles are influenced by culture for example with the concept of tiger parenting which is defined by imposing parental style. The article goes further to note that parental involvement affects the performance of children in their academic engagements. Two hundred and forty-four parents took a survey on demographic details, “Child-Rearing Belief Scale” and PI scale. From the study, it was noted that Asian parents prioritize educating their children. This article is credible since the data collected was from a primary source and that it relied on other scholarly literature to augment its arguments. The article will help explain how Asian culture emphasis on having an educated young generation for societal prosperity with authoritative parental involvement as a critical determinant of how children perform in their academic engagements.

Huang, G. H., & Gove, M. (2015). Asian parenting styles and academic achievement: Views from Eastern and Western perspectives. Education135(3), 389-397.

This article focuses on providing a comparison between western and eastern approaches to parenting with academic achievement being the yardstick. Huang and Gove draw their motivation for this paper from Amy Chua’s book “Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother.” The author’s thus want to assess the impact of close and authoritative parenting on academic prowess which as other sources collaborate is an inherent character of Asian communities. Primarily, the paper is based on literature review drawing a correlation between Confucianism and Western parenting. From the analysis, the authors established that Asian parenting style is less authoritative compared to that of western parents. The Western parenting style is defined by demandingness with reasoning and enhanced reasoning being the fundamental traits. Differently, Asian parents focus on academic excellence with a keen interest in the needs of their children. The use of other peer-reviewed journal articles gives Huang and Gove work substantial credibility. Hence, this research article will contribute to the discussion on academic centered eastern culture and parenting.

Jerrim, J. (2015). Why do East Asian children perform so well in PISA? An investigation of Western-born children of East Asian descent. Oxford Review of Education41(3), 310-333.

The author of this article aims at assessing why Children from Eastern Asia perform exemplarily in “Program for International Student’s Assessment (PSA). In this study, the researcher attempted to compare the performance of Asian students and their western counterparts in the PSA test. By developing the study tools targeting second generation East Asian student’s living in Austria, the scholar widened the scope of the research to include aspects such as cultural and parental influences. From the study, the author ascertained that the high performance is due to the high value the Asians place on education, hard work ethics, and school selection. Essentially, Australian culture which predominantly western did not affect the performance of Asian students since they outperformed their Australian counterparts. The author boosts the credibility of his work by relying on the researches done by other experts in the field. The article’s findings will, therefore, collaborate other scholarly works assertions that Asian culture and parenting is biased towards education and ethics.

Kwon, K. A., Yoo, G., & Bingham, G. E. (2016). Helicopter parenting in emerging adulthood: Support or barrier for Korean college students’ psychological adjustment?. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(1), 136-145.

In this journal article, the focus was to address the concern of over-parenting in Korean families in comparison to US family settings. Notably, Kwon et al. are concerned by suffocation effect that overparenting has on children’s autonomy. The article thus introduces the element of healthy separation which will permit the renegotiation of a robust parent-child relationship. With such a balance, the authors argue that it will allow parents to adapt well to the changing developmental needs of their children. The study was based on an individuation-separation structure where the results indicate that overparenting negatively impacts the children’s internal locus of control mainly due to cultural adjustments. This is a highly credible source because it relies on other dependable academic works which help the researchers to augment their argument. The study will provide foundational information when discussing family setting and their role in children’s upbringing.

Mistry, J., Li, J., Yoshikawa, H., Tseng, V., Tirrell, J., Kiang, L., & Wang, Y. (2016). An integrated conceptual framework for the development of Asian American children and youth. Child Development87(4), 1014-1032.

In this article, the authors base their study on the psychological development of Asians children and youths in American. Ministry et al. introduce a marginally new perspective into the discussion by pinpointing the diverseness exhibited by different Asian societies. Nevertheless, the viewpoint of the authors converges with that of the other academicians by agreeing that parenting contexts and styles and developmental outcomes all are interconnected and thus research should focus on individual societies for more definitive results. The paper evaluates different theoretical frameworks and parenting domains and how they impact the emotional wellbeing of Asian minors. Ultimately, the authors propose a conceptual framework which is established on the principle that developmental perspectives and their outcomes vary with culture and thus are conjointly constitutive. The credibility of the article by ministry et al. is exhibited by the different academic works used and by the fact that it is published in a reputable journal. Therefore, the article will provide the foundation for the argument that since parents propagate cultural tendencies to their children, the specific elements of Asian culture cannot be alienated from their psychological development and other related processes.

Nguyen, C. P., Wong, Y. J., Juang, L. P., & Park, I. J. (2015). Pathways among Asian Americans’ family ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, and psychological well-being: A multigroup mediation model. Asian American Journal of Psychology6(3), 273.

The focus of this research was to appraise the mediating impact of ethnic individuality on the association between family ethnic interactions and emotional wellbeing of Asian American teenagers. An essential aspect form family socialization is that the nature of socialization by Asian families in the US include elements such as heritage and conventional culture and contemporary demands in the society. From this claim, the authors further note that Asian American family setup promotes a resilient cultural identity by imparting pride in their custom hence creating a positive perspective for children’s wellbeing. From the study conducted on 970 Asians American students, the authors ascertained that family ethnic interactions positively influences emotional wellbeing and cultural identity. Similar to the above academic sources, this article uses other equally reliable scholarly works to strengthen its claims. The lessons from the study will be crucial in explaining how family dynamics impact the ethnic identity and psychological wellbeing of Asian youths.