Cybercrime in Canada



Cybercrime is a global challenge which has increased in recent years, and it is anticipated to rise and take the lead above all other crimes in the world. It is a new form of technology which people had not expected through resources and legal framework thus posing a significant challenge in the whole world. The anticipated increase in cybercrimes is as a result of the projected growth in technology as well as an increase in technological intelligence. Lack of knowledge on internet scams and other security issues are making people venerable. However, vulnerability is also affecting different national governments. Different states and nations are taking the advantage to fight against each other through the internet. As a result, governments have taken the initiative to reduce their exposure to all forms of cyber crimes through their criminal justice systems. This article seeks to analyze how Canada and its citizens are exposed to cybercrimes and the measures they have taken through the criminal justice system to protect themselves.

The Vulnerability of Canada and Canadians to Cybercrime

One way in which Canadian people and Canada are vulnerable to cybercrime is through lack of knowledge on cybersecurity and cybercrime itself.  According to the First Canadian Internet Security Survey conducted in 2017, around 75 percent of all businesses in Canada without knowledge disclosed sensitive information through a phishing scam.[1]The reason given by Canadian Internet Registration Authority CIRA, for the occurrence is lack of information about cybersecurity.[2] Most of the Canadians are not conversant with how cybercrime occurs. They are always responding to any message, which comes on their gargets with an internet connection without having a second thought that they might be scams. The motioned phishing scam is a fraud carried out to get sensitive information from people through their computers. The United States Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) revealed one such crime in 2013.[3]FBI suspected of a criminal botnet operation in Canada which involves a command and control functions through infected computers network.

Most of the Canadians are not aware of such phishing scam messages, and all they do is to follow them where they end up revealing personal information.[4]CIRA reports that most of the Canadians who are using the internet are illiterate on internet matters and thus, the attackers are taking that advantage.[5]Although most of the business people, 77 percent, are worried about cybercrimes, not much they can do because they do not know how it occurs.[6]However, the crime is affecting even the few individuals who are aware of the scams because of the growing technology. As the knowledge of attack continues to increase, the attackers are also upgrading their attack strategies and technology.

Lack of personal protection and internal expertise is also exposing Canadians to cybercrimes. Most of the small businesses in Canada have not invested in the security of the scams. In the CIRA 2017 survey, over 36 percent of the business did not have cybersecurity protection.[7]Cybercrime is becoming complex every day with the advancement of technology. Most of the small business people in Canada are unable to purchase the protection software for their computers and therefore are vulnerable to the crimes.[8]

There is also a lack of protection on the Canadian government which is exposing the nation to cybercrime. The government does not have updated protection software and it is neither controlling who is accessing is internet connected systems.[9]Without protection software, online attackers are targeting the government to weaken their systems for personal gain. Also, the various administrators of provinces are taking the advantage to fight against the government in what is known as cyber warfare.[10] A good illustration of the vulnerability of the government appears in 2012 where the House of Common attacked the Québec's government portal through Distributed Denial of Services (DDoS).[11]

The popularity of devices connected to the internet in Canada is also increasing exposure to cybercrimes.[12]Most of the common devices in Canada like television, home control systems, home appliances are connected to the internet. The devices are therefore prone to malicious activities from attackers. In that case, the hackers are using the internet or computer as a tool to commit the crime. Industries in Canada are using Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems to monitor processes.[13] The systems are connected to computers through the internet making them vulnerable to cyber crimes like the DDoS. Internet criminals are taking advantage of the increased application of the internet in industrial processes and home appliances to carry out criminal activities.

Canadian judicial system lacks the capacity and legal framework to prosecute cybercrime suspects. The Royal Canadian Mounted police (RCMP) complains that there is too much bureaucracy in the court requiring them to prove that the suspect committed the crime leading to discouragement in their efforts.[14]In the case of Spe

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