Developmental disorders include a group of different conditions that affect individuals’ right from their childhood years, causing severe impairments in various areas. Individuals may experience the impact of some of these disorders for a lifetime while other disorders might respond well to modern medicine and therapies.
Autism is a mental disorder which begins during the early years of a child. A person with these conditions will show a lack of the ability to interact with other persons. These children display persistent impairment in the ability to present themselves in social communication through usual ways like speech or facial expression. The symptoms of this disorder are present throughout and, significantly affect the life of a person. Autism presents itself in different levels and scale. Individuals with a severe form of the disorder may have limitations on what they can and cannot do as adults (Framingham, 2019).
Symptoms of the disorder may involve unexpected unresponsiveness from the child or high concentrations on specific items. The child may also be healthy during the first couple of years then experience a dramatic change. This change may come in the form of self-abuse, a withdrawn nature, or a situation where a toddler is utterly indifferent to the social approaches in the usual environments. Some cases of autism may come with intellectual disabilities and the inability to learn languages, while others may get adapted in that area.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a syndrome that begins at childhood, characterized by a hostile nature towards adults and other figures that pass as authorities in different settings. The rebellious behaviors manifest through an unusual stubbornness and a complete lack of cooperation from the children. To fully diagnose this condition, it has to occur consistently for a period longer than half a year. Persons with this disorder do not accept they are disobedient and oppositional and the symptoms only manifest when these children are around adults they know well.
Symptoms may vary in different people, but most of them exhibit a negativistic attitude towards authority by making unrealistic and outrageous demands used to justify their unruly behavior. Additionally, these individuals will mostly get quickly annoyed by the actions of others and overact. It is common that they pass as very annoying individuals who are unpleasant for others to be with since they do not accept mistakes as they always find means to blame others for their mistakes and failures.
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder a condition characterized by a consistent lack of concentration in assigned tasks or simple day to day events such as conversations. Individuals with this disorder may be victims of unending daydreams that rob them of their ability to focus on tasks, even the most complex of them all. Although most teenagers and toddlers may be victims of this condition once in a while, some people get gravely affected by it in their day to day activities rendering them unable to perform most duties required of them productively.
Signs and indicators may primarily center on the inattentive nature of the children and their inability to control it. The syndrome fully manifests itself on an individual and becomes easily diagnosable after the age of 12. These kids might find it nearly impossible to organize themselves and complete tasks as they will continuously fall victims of distractions by the seemingly normal things going on around them. There exist a fifty-fifty chance that the child might also have hyperactivity which is a set of conducts that renders the person unable to sit quiet, stop talking or, quit moving around disruptively (Grohol, 2018).
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a condition that has a tremendous effect on a person’s general functionality in school and social settings. OCD, characterized by excessive recurring thoughts which are mostly unwanted and disruptive to a person’s concentration and general productivity in tasks is significantly common in this modern day. The disorder previously reported to be less frequent, now affects more than 2% of the children’s population, globally.
During the onset of symptoms and indicators, it is vital that parents and guardians do not confuse obsessions and compulsions with ritualized childhood conducts. Obsessions are extremely recurrent thoughts and impulses that more often than do not make sense at all. Individuals may repeat specific processes and events in very systematic ways and find relaxation in it. Compulsions encompass actions that are repetitive and interfere considerably with how these persons conduct their day to day activities. These actions may include washing hands excessively and for many times, counting or organizing items. At other times individuals with OCD may try to adapt to environments and hide their compulsions (Brasic, 2019).
Conduct Disorder is a curious disorder that typically involves the persistent violations of other people’s rights and, consistent refusal to adapt to standard societal rules and regulations. These individuals’ set of conducts disrupt regular events and; may cause harm to other human beings or animals, may destroy property that may result to loss of significant amounts of money by victims of these insufferable tendencies.
Individuals with this disorder are often the bullies in school and home setting, who threaten others with the use of voice or harsh language. They may use this form of aggression to get what they want, including money and other favors. They may also tend to get physical with other people and unnecessarily use extreme force against them. It is common for them to exhibit a rude attitude, show control and display a complete disregard for authority, instruction or rule and regulations. More often than not persons in this category may be deceitful and commit criminal acts like thefts and robbery with violence Steve (Bressert, 2018).
Brasic, J. (2019). Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Background, Etiology, Epidemiology. Retrieved from https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1826591-overview
Grohol, P. (2018). ADHD/ADD in Children & Teens – What You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/disorders/childhood-adhd/
Jane Framingham, P. (2019). Autism Overview – What Is It? Is There a Test for It?. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/disorders/autism/
Steve Bressert, P. (2018). Conduct Disorder Symptoms. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/disorders/conduct-disorder-symptoms/