Typically, education is an essential aspect of every society across the globe. However, in undeveloped countries, the critical role of education is yet to be fully recognized leading to slow economic growth and development. Quality education can ensure that an individual influences a stable and comfortable life. Additionally, a good education system provides that citizens improve their standards of living while creating a sense of equality, security, and safety in society. Therefore, evaluating the educational systems in India and drawing a comparison to the education system in the United States ensures that we understand the advancements that education has made over the years.
In India, both private and public schools offer education. According to India’s constitution, education is free and compulsory to every child aged six years to 14 years. Public schools are in more compared to private schools. India has shown vast improvement in the sector of education. This improved education system is what has significantly contributed to India’s economic growth over the years. The extension is especially traced back to higher education. The enrolment over the years has dramatically increased. However, the still more to do if they need to level up to where the developed nations are. This difference poses a challenge that India needs to overcome to carry on with the demographic surplus of its relatively young population. The private schools in India heftily complement public schools. India is always getting closer to attaining global education. However, there are some factors like teachers absenteeism that keeps on lagging this progress behind
The education system of India follows the 10+2+3 prototype. In two According to this prototype, there are ten years of which is completed through schools that are four years of primary education and six years of high school. Afterward, there are two years of studying at the junior college. The last three years is ends with studying a bachelors degree. This pattern was executed by the education commission back in 1966. The Central Government and state regime at nationalized and state stage correspondingly prepare India’s education guiding principles. The national administration has created an environmental consciousness to introduce science, technology and other elements like Yoga to Indian High school systems. The most significant role of high schools in India is the addition of other underprivileged parts of society. Another trait that is associated with India’s secondary schools is the prominence of vocational teaching. Vocational education equips students with skills that he/she chooses.
Education board of directors is accountable for preparing the school curriculum. As well, they carry out tests in the tenth and twelfth level of school and award diplomas. National Council of Education Research and Training offers guidance support and related technical assistance required by schools in India. As well, they administer several features of enforcing of the school policies. The state government board f education sets the curriculum from grade one to grade twelve. The curriculum that is set by the state board varies in each state. The Council of Indian School Certificate Examinations conducts examinations that are done at the end of grade ten. India also offers special education to disabled children and the addition of secondary and vocational training. The Indian government has a project that provides free meals to school children across the country. The scheme aims at improving the nutrition status if the state. The National Council for Teachers education does teachers endorsement.
India has different school levels that include education before a primary, primary teaching, secondary education vocational training, and higher learning. Education that is offered before starting primary school is what lays the basis and determines the children’s’ skills and conduct. However, it is not a basic right because most interior part of India does not have access to this education. It is only available in towns. The children are open to essential learning that in turn helps them on being independent a little earlier. They get to know things like how to feed themselves, how to dress and how to be clean. Additionally, their physical and mental capabilities are also sharpened. With this type of foundation then it will be easy for the children to grasp knowledge in the schooling life. They have a better understanding merely because they have a rich and fascinating curriculum. The teachers try as much as they can to make this course pleasant for the kids.
Primary education is greatly emphasized on by the government. For this emphasis on being useful, the government wholly banned any child labor and offer free education. Educational laws vary from each state. Therefore, the duration of the primary level is bound to be different. Free education has significantly caused an increase in pupils to turn up in school. However, this creates a challenge to the government because there are few teachers compared to the number of pupils. The government has implemented a few ways here and there to improve on the quality of education. The government is also universalizing primary education by restructuring and bracing the system. This scheme of universalizing has played a big part in the admission of girls in schools over the years.
Children aged fourteen years to eighteen years undergo secondary education. Both levels of secondary education need a pass certificate. Therefore, after the first two years of secondary education students undertake a test that will help them proceed to the other last two years of higher secondary. In India, the secondary school system is not course based but slightly examination based. Most of India’s secondary schools are not able to provide subject and setting up suppleness because of their budget limitations. Grade ten-examination student is allowed to study only six subjects that include, Mathematics, Science Language, Social Studies, and an optional item as well. For grade- examination student they can either take four of five questions. These subjects include Mathematics, one science, one commerce subject, and one humanity. Private secondary students are prohibited from registering to take the board examinations. Although, there are some exemptions. After passing grade 12 exams, a student is free to apply for either vocational or university enrolment. Professional institute present diploma post-diploma training and degree. For universities, they offer degree programmes. Higher education provided in India is ranked number three in the world. Distance learning is also offered in India’s higher education institutions.
Education of Women in India.
Compared to men, women have a lesser literacy level in India. There is a small number of girls who get admitted to the school. It is even more challenging to keep them in school because of most of the dropout. According to India’s ancestral setting females are underprivileged than males. The most hindrance to girls’ education in India is culture. The government has put in place policies that will help in raising female literacy levels. The government emphasizes the education is required for democracy of the country. The government prohibits any marriage below 18 years old. Despite this law enforcement, there are still many others who get married with years below 18. The problem of early marriages is associated with poverty and need to take care of the house and siblings. Women education has played a significant role in the development of the country. With more females educated, there is an improvement in living standards, both in their homes and the state at large.
Comparison Between Education in India and Education in the USA
Both of these countries education system has its pros and cons. Analyzing both countries we see the difference in their education system. They include: For a teacher to be able to teach in the USA they must be a graduate with a certificate and a license from the government office and can only teach twenty to thirty students, whereas in India a teacher can start training at elementary just after attaining their degree or masters and they teach up to 50 students. According to the USA education system, sports activities is as compulsory as any other center subject in class while in India Sporting is not obligatory and is of no greater importance. The USA has a supple education system as compared to India’s stable education system. According to the USA curriculum, upper grades in not anyhow related to the lower grade as compared to India where the concept learned in lower classes are continued in the top grades.
Despite their differences, both countries have developed economically and have produced renowned world-class leaders. Education has brought significant advancements to India and USA over the years. Education is one of the most critical aspects of a community. Every country has the curriculum that it follows in educating its members. In today’s world, people have adopted and are continuing to embrace education. In turn, training has brought much development to the world. People can become better citizens. It has also brought gender equality to societies. This education prepares the students for the life that awaits them outside their parent’s cocoon. With this type of knowledge then it is easier to improve the living standards of an individual and the whole community at large. Their standards are improved because one can secure suitable employment and earn a good income. This training will ensure the total elimination of poverty among societies. If everyone is educated, it is not only individually benefiting but to the country as well.
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