Effects of Long-Term Alcohol Use on the Body

Effects of Long-Term Alcohol Use on the Body

Excessive alcohol consumption is harmful to the body, but the addiction does not occur by taking alcohol once. Alcohol becomes addictive when one cannot control. Approximately, 17 million American adults have disorders related to alcohol use. Intoxication affects various organs such as the liver and the brain. Studying the stages of alcoholism helps in identifying the best option for detoxification and alcoholism treatment. Morton Jellinek came up with the four stages of alcoholism namely, pre-alcoholic, early alcoholic, middle alcoholic, and late alcoholic.

Level of Alcohol Use

In the first stage, a person does not exhibit any signs of alcohol-related problems. The behavior of the person may look normal to a person is not keen on observing the person. In the first stage, drinking is not addictive but is rather a behavior that a person engages in for social purposes. The alcohol user, however, tends to graduate to use alcohol as a relief for stress, and at this point, the person gets accustomed to the behavior. The body also develops the tolerance for the substance to the extent that the individual can carry out his/her duties while under the influence of alcohol. The primary way of establishing the drinking stage that you are in is by asking yourself why you drink.

The second stage is early alcoholic which happens when one becomes subconscious after consuming the substance. In this stage, the user experiences blackout and the discomfort increases when the person has not taken alcohol. The stage is also characterized by an inability to keep off, and one may start concealing the behavior to friends and relatives. The person is o longer confident when taking the substance but rather conceals his/her use by mixing it with a soda or any other drink. The levels of tolerance for alcohol increases and one tends to think about the substance more frequently.

The third level of alcohol use is middle alcoholic characterized by observable behaviors and symptoms that friends and relatives can observe and associate with alcohol use. The person loses the ability to work as they spend too much time drinking or experience hangovers. An individual in this stage will also carry out other tasks such as driving while under the influence. The person also becomes irritating to those around him/her and starts showing physical symptoms such as reddening of the face as well as digestive complications such as bloating.  Middle alcoholism also leads to sluggishness and either weight loss or gain.

The final stage of alcohol use is late alcoholism whereby the long terms effects are evident. In this stage, the user develops health complications such a lung failure and brain damage. In this stage the individual struggles to control the behavior and spends all the time drinking. The person loses interest in friends and family and even stops working to devote all the time to drinking. In this late stage, the health of the person deteriorates, and he/she develops diseases such as liver cirrhosis or dementia. Paranoia is experienced as well as excessive fear coupled with hallucinations and tremors. Alcohol abuse, therefore, occurs in eves and despite the level that one is the use of appropriate therapies can assist him/her. Apart from the diseases motioned earlier, excessive alcohol consumption affects the central nervous system which happens after the alcohol goes from the stomach to the bloodstream

How alcohol goes from the stomach to the bloodstream

Alcohol is not digested like foods, so after it is swallowed, it goes to the stomach through the esophagus and finally goes to the small intestine. 20% of alcohol is absorbed in the stomach and the rest in the small intestine. The epithelial cells found in the stomach and small intestine facilitate absorption due to the presence of projections that are fingerlike hence increasing the surface area. The surface area aids in the absorption of molecules and nutrients through the membrane. There is a difference in absorption if one drinks alcohol when there is food in the stomach and when there is no food. If there is food pyloric sphincter will close to facilitate digestion, so this slows down the process of alcohol absorption in the bloodstream because it cannot move into the small intestine immediately after because the stomach will be closed. The type of meal taken also has an impact on the absorption of alcohol in the bloodstream. If one, for example, had eaten fatty foods before consuming the a

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