Fungi that are Medically Important

Fungi that are Medically Important

Introduction

The kingdom fungi comprise of a variety of organisms that are neither animals nor plants (Kavanagh, 2017). Organisms such as yeast which are contributing to forming of the baking powder for bread and making of beer and Multicellular eukaryotes such as edible mushrooms are some examples of kingdom fungi. Kingdom fungi are absolutely essential as they act as decomposers to every ecosystem (Kavanagh, 2017). Therefore, this paper shall explain the characteristics of fungi and their importance. The Paper as well discusses the fungal diseases.

Characteristics of Fungi

Fungi are heterotrophic in nature meaning they are unable to make their food. Fungi usually acquire nutrition from other organisms. Therefore, Fungi typically grow on other bodies thus feeding on their nutrients. There is typically an enzyme released by the fungi to digest food on the organism it is attached to (Kavanagh, 2017).

Fungi members are eukaryotes. This means that kingdom fungi members have complex cells that have got organelles and a nucleus. Apart from yeast which is single-celled, all other members of fungi are multicellular. Commonly, fungi’s structure is made up of individual feathery filaments known as hyphae (Kavanagh, 2017).

Fungi disperse themselves via spores. The spores are spread through the wind as they are blown to different locations hence enhancing their reproduc

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