GEOGRAPHICAL MULTICULTURALISM IN CANADA

GEOGRAPHICAL MULTICULTURALISM IN CANADA

Objective

The general objective of this research is to study and analyze the Canadian socio-political development as a result of its diversity. In a significant extreme, Canada holds the largest population of foreign-born dwellers. Therefore the research aims to find out the impact of multi-cultures.

Research Questions

  • What are the main traits that define the culture of a particular country or its individuals?
  • What are the different languages that exist in Canada and where they were formerly existing?
  • How do multicultural geographies affect the social lives of individuals in societies?
  • Does multiculturalism in its forms affect how aboriginal cultures develop?

Multiculturalism has been cited as one the dynamic phenomenon in the worlds. It’s highly likely that existing cultures in particular geographical locations will experience crises and conflict. It’s highly probable that some may find other religions to be inferior or intruding to theirs.

The main aim of this research is to ensure that geographical multiculturalism is demystified appropriately. For instance, Canada despite having various ethnic groups earlier on still hadn’t fully embraced the diversity till 1971.  This research ensures that we can bring ourselves to understand the core pillars of competitive behaviors among groups and the advantages or disadvantages that result from such diversity.

Additionally, it’s important to consider where various groups came from initially. It’s necessary that ethnic groups present in Canada today are analyzed against their origins. This analysis will help to discover some of the external pressures that have contributed to very diverse populations. These groups have also managed to remain relevant and noticeable without being necessarily being absorbed wholly into new cultures.

The research also aims at focusing on the thriving societies in Canada. Further, investigation mainly concerns, focusing on what has been done to ensure that these societies thrive. Therefore, this research must be done in communities that are considered to have consistently increased from being nonexistent to being part of the recognizable population. Additionally, there is a notion that diverse cultures have contributed to social development and at the same time economic development. However, it’s clear that were it not for the recognition and legislation that favor multiculturalism, the growth of these cultures and the positive impact would not be a topic of discussion today.

Significantly, being part of the geographical multiculturalism, religion is a critical aspect. Religious groups contribute positively to the development of culture and are cultures in themselves. Religions appeal to lifestyle and add to social and political change. Therefore, as an aspect, the various religious beliefs in Canada are subject to study and research. This study which will involve religious groups will help to understand geographical multiculturalism in Canada and its impact.

Methodology

The research will be carried out in different parts of Canada to establish how the society approaches various issues. Canada is an ideal country to sample due to its contribution economically and its institutions. It’s also significant due to political dynamism affected by multicultural geographies.

Further, some of the methods that the research will use include; sampling groups for analysis, formulation of questionnaires, and the distribution of the inquiries to sample groups, conducting of interviews in institutions and armchair research through the use of past investigations. Also, the researcher will use existing documents.

Sample Group

The sampling of the population will go on in the provinces of Canada. this exercise will include sampling populations where people of different color exist, various religious groups as well as ethnic groups spread out in the vast country. Additionally, institutions such as schools will be involved, with questionnaires and interviews conducted in schools across the state. At least 20 school administrators across all the countries sampled. Sampling will mainly cover, Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, Toronto, Alberta, Edmonton, Montreal, Calgary, and Ottawa. These regions are considered highly mixed and with foreign-born communities.

Ownership of Research Material

Further, its extremely obvious that crucial information will emerge from this research. The researcher will own most of the material obtained from research and its analysis but without restriction or limitation against use in future research as a point of reference where the need arises. Further, the researcher will publish the findings for public use in the future. However, participants especially children who may happen to participate in interviews or questionnaire filling, will not be revealed. The aim is to conceal identities especially in cases where the information is sensitive. Also, video documentation will be termed as intellectual property of the researcher.

PART 2

Geographical Multiculturalism and Its Dynamism

Geographical multiculturalism is a situation where different cultures exist together due to different backgrounds. These include religious, ethnic and political groups. The material, cultures would in this context refer to cultures that are fundamentally more abstract and are not tangible. There is always the desire to demystify human behavior based on customs of their society. On the other side, material cultures could significantly mean the environmental factors around human beings. These are mainly tangible cultures like native cultures. However, geographical multiculturalism is a rather broad field that may sound ambiguous in the quest to look at the several of interactions with human cultures.

Notably, there are always various things that come up when the topic of multiculturalism comes up. For instance, different groups that exist and in what areas they live. It’s common that cultures are most times concentrated in areas where those who practice them are populous. However, they may get diluted when there is contact with other groups.

Further,  geographical multiculturalism implies the various ways in which different groups exist together in the same geographic locations (Oliver & Edwald, 2016). Cultures may range from those that are practiced as the core lifestyles, to those that are acquired over time and learned by those already practicing their original customs. There are various ways in which perceptions are affected — for instance, acculturation, assimilation, and enculturation.

Significantly, geographical multiculturalism encompasses discussions; like the cultures that exist in Canada. Multiculturalism is both a political and sociological discussion, especially in Canada. These are the main branches of geographical cultures.  As it is today, these branches have in their selves built essential discussions around the idea of how societies develop and the approaches used within particular groups of people.

Significantly, cultures develop with time wind in the space they are found in which brings in the question of geographical distribution. Additionally, customs are not rigid at all, and therefore, they are subject to advancement, distortion and even destruction. These factors or effects are majorly dependent on space and closeness to other cultures.

Additionally, the existence of different cultures in the same environments may result in the development of other customs that were previously not there. For instance, in Canadas most populous metropolitans like the Toronto city, there appears to be the emergence of groups that may not be one ethnic group nor the other. These new groups have emerged from interracial and inter-ethnic relationships among the diverse population.

Significantly, Canada has two official languages, which are French and English. These are accounted for historically by migrations of Europeans into Canada for settlement and political reasons. The French and British settlers migrated to Canada during its colonization in the 17th century. Having colonized Canada and settled there for many years, the two languages were adopted. Therefore, these languages have been among the most dominant ones due to their influence during the colonization.

On the other hand, Americans and particularly loyalists of the united empire moved to Canada while running away from the civil war that had erupted in the Americas. These migrations and the existence of indigenous tribes made the first encounter of diverse cultures in Canada.

Further, populations of foreigners have increasingly grown over the last 60years. For instance, various immigrants have settled in Canada in different parts including the highly populated metropolitans. These immigration activities could be linked to search for jobs, good education institutions and the development of policies that are friendly to foreigners. In essence, there are over 200 ethnic groups most of which are a long way from their original places. These groups include black communities that are immigrants from Africa, and Asians among others.

Apart from these ethnic groups, various religious groups exist in the country. The Roman Catholicism, Protestants, and Muslims have had a significant impact on the state as part of cultural custodians. Considering that there exist people from various regions in the world, it’s highly unlikely that such a country would lack diversity of religions. Additionally, other forms of faith that exist include Buddhism, Hinduism, and Judaism relative to areas that various communities are existent.

Additionally, there have been various changes that encourage such diversity in religion and ethnicities. For instance, in 1971, Canada embraced and enacted multiculturalism policy. Further, the Canadian prime minister implemented a constitution that contained a charter for freedoms and rights in 1982. Also, Canada introduced a multiculturalism Act in 1988. These implantations helped to protect multiculturalism.

In the past years, many documentaries and researches have shown that Canada may be one of the countries that have for a long time struggled with populations that have been discriminated and left out in various issues. This fact is evident in the fact that the government embraced multiculturalism after many years without being fully embraced.

Further, people may refer Canada to as the land of opportunities. Despite this, there may be various instances that have seen some of its populations miss out on valuable opportunities and self-growth.  Additionally, before the country embraced multiculturalism, it’s possible that some ethnic groups may have suffered lack of recognition leading to being disadvantaged both socially and economically (Prato, 2016).

Significantly, in the recent past, the country has expressed its desire to return to its lost times. Some of the people interviewed think that Canada may have lost significant time in its denial of the existence of other groups based on their ethnic originality and race. Most importantly, some believe that the realization and embracing of multiculturalism as reality came a little late and therefore the time as from the 1970s backward may have been wasted. However, despite there being various diverse groups, Canada as a society, groups seem to coexist (Prato, 2016). Multiple groups that differ in race and religion have shared political views as well as contributed to the growth of Canada under the same political structure for many years.

 

Significantly, it’s essential to consider modern cultures. These are emerging dynamics where new lines arise as groups struggle to compete socially, politically, and economically. A massive population of Canada people has attached importance to emerging forms of art and lifestyles that are a result of different cultures. These arts include sculpture and printmaking amongst others which is related to geographical areas of contemporary Canada. It’s considerably necessary to note that Canadian art is influenced by years of immigration into the country by people of different cultures.

Significantly, religious diversity too has contributed to some of these cultural aspects such as art. The Catholic Church had for a long time in traditional Canada been a custodian. Through its support and a great inspiration to early forms of art, the church contributed to the development of art as a form of culture (Dwyer, 2016). The areas where Catholic influence was strong were such Quebec.

Subsequently, after the setting in of cultures like French and British culture, art was greatly influenced. Artists over time have therefore combined cultures from different origins to improve and advance the art. For instance, the British, French and black foreigners from the Americas brought with them fundamental changes to art furthering from where the Catholic Church had influenced.

Therefore, while considering the changes that have happened over the years in Canada due to multiculturalism, one can hardly leave out art. Additionally, art is uniting geographies that are culturally diverse; there tend to be conflicts that arise mostly caused by these differences. However, there is a need to view all cultures as equal. Doing so brings a feeling of equality and beauty in diversity. Having a total of over 200 ethnic groups and diverse religious beliefs, Canada needs to uplift things that unite them like art.

 

Canadian Governments Contribution to Unity In Diversity

Quite clearly, the cultural tolerance experienced In Canada is all thanks to the government. For instance, embracing the idea of building on society with its various communities as peacefully and rightfully existing units is a significant milestone.

Further, the embracing of multiculturalism by the government and the enactments have contributed to growing foreign population. This population growth of immigrants underscores the efforts to improve diversity by the government. Similarly, there are indications that the number of people will keep growing as time goes. Further, it’s clear that the immigrant population stands at 20%, which is among the highest foreign people in the world and particularly among the G 8.

On the other hand, the government promoted policies that have over the years supported the maintenance and preservation of cultures. For instance, the funding of communities to encourage learning has developed these cultures. The funds were used to build cultural centers that are evidence of the diversity in the countries.

Additionally, these cultural centers can be termed as the countries heritage. They represent the various cultures that have migrated from their nativities to different geographical locations in Canada.  Further, some of these cultures bear aspects of their original forms from all over the world.

Notably, the federal government has been supporting cultural facilities known as indigenous and cultural infrastructure. These facilities have been built to foster a good environment to help thrive the culture and the indigenous languages. All over the world, indigenous languages are subject to being absorbed or entirely wipe out due to cross culture scenarios.

Notably, the Canadian government tabled the indigenous languages bill for legislation. In so doing the government expressed the willingness to go further to promote development and use of indigenous languages. Also, there will be the creation of the office of the commissioner of indigenous languages. This move will enhance the already existing efforts to promote multiculturalism.

Further, there are collaborations from the federal government to the provincial and the indigenous governments to deliver this support for languages. Significantly, the establishment of a ministerial docket called the ministry of heritage and multiculturalism was a step further to promoting diversity.

Therefore the spirited efforts by the government to protect the existence of these languages are commendable. These efforts have encouraged the preservation of the indigenous languages most of which were not originally native to Canada. There are various indigenous languages spoken in the country include Okanagan, Comox, Haisla, Plains Cree, Sarcee language, Oji Cree and Ojibwe amongst others. These were among the first languages of the country.

However, there have been instances where the country did not protect its indigenous cultures. These indigenous languages appear to have been overshadowed by the foreign languages that set in. The predominant use of French and English eclipsed these languages even though they still do exist.

For over 150 years, the speakers of these languages attended residential schools which did not support the use of the indigenous languages. These children faced the challenges of restriction from using their dialects in the schools. The utter discrimination of these languages appears as having been an unfair intrusion of individual rights to culture and freedom to use one’s dialect. Therefore, the dialects were destroyed in the process while promoting foreign languages like English and French.

Additionally, the discrimination left wounding experiences to the original cultures. For instance, the languages of these groups are likely to disappear or to cease to exist in their ordinal forms. These challenges are due to distortion due to intrusion by other cultures that colonized these particular cultures.

In respect to the overshadowing of these indigenous languages, the ministry of heritage and indigenous language pointed out the past negligence. Therefore, to ensure that the dialects fully flourish, the government intends to review residential schools. Hence, by so doing the government has redirected its efforts to saving indigenous languages from destruction.

Challenges to multiculturalism

Despite the efforts to adequately accommodate all cultures and languages from various ethnic groups by the government, there are challenges. These challenges point out to the multiple mechanisms employed to make multiculturalism a nationally embraced idea. For instance, the Inuit community has expressed their disappointment in the process of revitalization of indigenous communities.

Due to growing populations of foreign-born citizens, the development of areas inhabited aboriginal communities may continue to dwindle. The most significant number of people are of groups that were not earlier on dwellers. This possibility is so because of growing numbers that need to be addressed in terms of educational and other funds allocation. Significantly, the original groups who co continue to be out number may become hostile. In most cases, they feel that their predicaments are as a result of the existence of other groups.

As expressed by some quarters, the process still leaves out the Inuit by not involving them in developing the ideas surrounding supporting indigenous languages. According to them, the bill lacks the views of indigenous communities who are the subject of discussion. Therefore, these sentiments imply that the communities feel that despite being a kind gesture by the government, it’s imposed.

Additionally, due to many years of suppression of indigenous languages and practices, there is still bad blood and apparent conflict of interests. The indigenous ethnic groups feel that they were pushed away from the land they think should have been rightfully theirs. Further, having to live for over 150 years under conditions of discrimination of their language, there is bitterness.

Significantly, there is likely to call for compensation by original ethnic groups. Due to previous experiences of mistrust, it’s expected and obvious for aboriginal communities to feel that they have been suffering for too long. Some groups especially indigenous ethnic groups in various occasions demand compensation of land and due to what they term as colonial oppression.

While the government may be right in its efforts to foster one society despite its differences, collaborations with indigenous governments should ensure inclusion. The solutions that are acceptable to those affected must involve the particular groups. On the other hand, the government should address issues of historical injustices among indigenous ethnic groups. These injustices include land and education based oppression. However, the legislation on language and culture may soon enough bear fruit in the efforts to bring about reconciliation among these ethnic groups in Canada.

In conclusion, geographical multiculturalism has had a significant impact on Canada and its social development. The presence of various ethnic groups that were not formerly living there creates a rich culture and a sense of diversity. There is both good and bad points view concerning the existence of so many cultures in one geographical area. Some view it as a reminder of victimization, oppression, and intrusion. However, the embracing of multiculturalism and the efforts to revitalize the indigenous cultures is a move in the right direction. Additionally, promoting all lifestyles without bias is a way to ensure that such a society and its people appreciate their diversity which is a rich heritage.

 

 

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