Haiti Earthquake

Introduction

Haiti is one of the most impoverished countries which is ranked 163 out of 188 nations on the United Nations Human Development Index. Haiti has one of the weakest economies in the Western region (Farfel, Assa, Amir, et al., 2010). According to UNICEF, New York State of the world’s children report 2015 report, Haiti’s mortality rate of children under the age of five was 73 of 1000 live births which is a rank of number 32 from the bottom many children in Haiti are experiencing difficulties in accessing clean water, food, healthcare, high rates of violence, sexual abuse, adequate shelter (Farfel, Assa, Amir, et al., 2010). Free and accessible education is also becoming a challenge in Haiti's children leading to decreased enrolment rates to those who can't afford to pay for private educational facilities. One of the aspects that contributed to this problem in Haiti is the earthquake that occurred in 2010 and leads to many homeless populations in the country. This research paper will analyze the effects and the impact of homelessness from the Haitian earthquake on preschool children in Port-Au-Prince and Haiti in general.

Background of the Haiti Earthquake

On Tuesday, January 12, 2010, at around 5 pm, a powerful and gigantic earthquake struck Haiti's capital city, Port-au-Prince, 10 miles on its south. The quake triggered some tsunamis warning to the entire region. After that, there was a series of an aftershock measuring more than 5.0 on the Richter scale which followed throughout that night and even till morning. The neighboring towns such as Jacmel and Carrefour were also significantly affected by this earthquake. The Leogane village was reported to be destroyed by 80%. The buildings across the regions were, and they all collapsed. According to the Haitian government, there is no exact number of people who perished, but it is likely to figure an approximate of 222, 517 people while more than 300,600 were left injured (Farfel, Assa, Amir, et al., 2010). More than 1.2 million people lost their homes as three million people were directly affected. Pre-school children and the youth represented the most significant percentage of the affected population. In 2010, after the earthquake, it made it challenging for the children to access basic needs of life. This triggered pre-disaster concerns about the children protection and human rights violation including human trafficking, child slavery, exploitation and sexual abuse of kids (Farfel, Assa, Amir, et al., 2010). Additionally, recovering from the traumas of the earthquake was challenging due to the widespread of cholera disease which in turn resulted in more deaths.

There is a geographical reason that will help one explain why the earthquake in Haiti was so violent leading to massive destruction. In Haiti, the earthquake occurred where there is a fault in the earth's bedrock. This also marks the boundary between the North American and Caribbean plates. These plates slide past each other in an East-West direct, and they move about 0.8 inches in a year. The magnitude of this earthquake shocked even the scientists because it is not supposed

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