Weight cutting is a practice that began 2300 years ago with the Greeks. The Greeks had a moderate and positive way of living and did not have specific references to food. Food was not a concern for weight cutting since there were no GMO products that could risk their health as a result of poor dietary intake. The major focus was on physical exercise. The modifications of food in industries and farms had a direct effect on people’s bodies especially in the 3rd – 15th century calling for wrestlers and athletics to start diet choices as well as embracing physical exercise as a move to cut their increasing weight.it is during this time of food modifications that William the Conqueror became very heavy and could not ride his horse. He opted for liquid diet as a strategy to cut weight.
The weight loss industry put more emphasis on limiting calorie intake as one strategy of reducing weight. Individuals were advised on focusing on the quantity of calories in a meal rather than measuring the portion size. This strategy worked quite well though it limited individuals who lacked the knowledge on the calculation of calories in meals.
Weight loss strategies have evolved with emerging modern methods being employed. Most nutritionists emphasize positive dietary choices and physical exercises while others advice on skipping meals or limited meal intake. Though all the strategies worked but on a different degree, physical exercise, reduced calories intake, and adequate water intake have been recommended as the best strategies to employ in cutting weight.
Gaps in the current Research
Although much has been done in research to understand the whole concept of weight loss, there are aspects that have not been comprehensively addressed bringing complexity in the all matter. For instance, researches have been carried out on individual and group behavioral change approached in the reduction of weight but fail to clarify which of the two is appropriate leading to a confused society. Also, numerous publications have been made regarding what factors lead to weight gain and how the weight gained could be lost. However, these publications do not explain the techniques that could be adopted in addressing genetic weight since physical practices and dietary intakes are neither contributory nor preventive factors to such a weight. Also, most researches have taken a generalized approach to deal with weight gain and loss strategies. The findings have been developed on what causes the weight gain, how to address it and preventive mechanisms. However, the findings have a limitation since they don’t address what works and what does not work for specific individuals as opposed to their generalizations. Due to these limitations, cases have been reported of individuals practicing positive dietary intakes and extensive regular physical exercise yet they still suffer from effects of weight gain. The reason for this is that research has failed to look at the individual’s specific factors that hinder attainment of the required weight even after an individual takes part in weight loss therapies.
Possibilities of Future Research
In order to fill the gap that exists in the all idea of weight gain and loss, a number of possible researches should be done. Firstly, there is a need for research to be done to establish ways in which individuals can identify the best therapy that works for them in cutting weight rather than the use of a generalized knowledge that in most situations do not work for all. This will save on cost and time spends on practices whose expected effects are not realized. Secondly, researches should be conducted to find out ways in which genetically acquired weight could be reduced since physical practices, dietary choices, and other therapies have not worked in establishing the remedy for this particular aspect.