How does Robert Cox develop Gramsci’s account of hegemony?

How does Robert Cox develop Gramsci’s account of hegemony?

Introduction

Gramsci describes hegemony as the political leadership of the working-class in a self-governing rebellion. Gramsci maintained that capitalism uses political and economic coercion to control the people. However, Robert describes supremacy as the principles and understandings that are relatively stable and unquestioned. The first definition differs with the second in many ways. One of the variances is that there is the use of force in Gramsci definition while there is the use of consensus in Robert’s description. Though, the only similarities are that the authorities are not challenged in both cases. The two scholars wrote their writings in two different times. Gramsci did his work during the initial stages of the 20th century while Robert’s work was done in the mid of the 20thcentury. Cox developed Gramsci’s account of hegemony in several ways. Gramsci talked about exercising of authorities through institutions such as factories, churches, and schools. He preferred these places because it was easy to control people in an enclosed area. However, Cox developed Gramsci's account by using the military and coercive power. It was better because the use of force instill fear in people and makes them obey laws. The implication is that states have instruments of power and can exercise their coercive authority on the citizens.

Gramsci also discusses how people unite and form a hegemonic block to fight for their interests. In this case, they control forced political power. It is a common phenomenon where a politician builds coalitions with the aim of managing power and resources after winning elections. Cox improved on this by discussing how world order maintained through various platforms such as the media, international entities and the NGO's. It is because most of these organizations have a lot of influence in society. Therefore, they can direct the public to act in a particular manner. The implication is that the world distinct political entities alone. Thus, institutional cooperation is vital to ensure that bodies function well.

Gramsci also suggested that political change

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