How might classical and operant conditioning account for early drug use and dependence?

How might classical and operant conditioning account for early drug use and dependence?

This essay is for the unit “drugs and dependence” for a 3rd year psychology student. Word Count: 2000 words (excluding end-text reference list) essay must be fully referenced using the APA style of referencing DUE 5TH APRIL 12PM Important: You MUST answer the EXACT essay question provided in the title above. Thus, the title of your essay must match the title of topic that you choose. Changes to the essay title will NOT be accepted as it could deviate from the question you are required to answer. you are encouraged to research and use recently published empirical journal articles, which you have access in full text, not as abstracts. This research essay must not be a descriptive essay, but rather you need to demonstrate that you have engaged critically with the academic literature pertaining to all aspects of the topic you have chosen to research and you need to develop coherent arguments supported by the research literature. Objectives: • To increase your in-depth knowledge of the theoretical and conceptual issues concerning substance dependence, their aetiology, and the efficacy of available and best practice treatments. •To develop your independent research skills to collect, analyse and evaluate empirical research articles pertaining to a specific topic in psychopathology. • To develop your critical reading, thinking and writing skills in the field of psychopathology. • To develop your ability to communicate your research, arguments, understandings and conclusions effectively using a high level of writing skill.