Alexander the Great fame came in 334 BCE after invading the Persian’s empire. The invasion involved militants from Macedonia together with entire Greece (Shipley, 2014). It is recorded that the completion of his mission lasted for ten years whereby he had conquered the above empire and even bringing some Indian parts into his powers(Shipley, 2014). All his time of ruling made significant changes in different fields such as religion, philosophy, and in science to mention a few. His death was untimely and made him not to accomplish his projects. It was during 323 BCE when his demise occurred and his empire started falling because leaders left began fighting for supremacy(Shipley, 2014). In this regard, this paper describes how the Great’s conquests shaped religion, society, and philosophy with the inclusion of science of the ancient world from the Mediterranean to India.
Before his conquests, the society of the Hellenistic Kingdom which was found in the Middle was were portioned into two classes(Shipley, 2014). The first group composed of the people who were the minority and were Macedonians and Greeks(Shipley, 2014). The other class were people from the rural area who were abided by their culture. All these groupings of people were farmers and Aramaic, Iranian without leaving Egyptian were their native language(Shipley, 2014). After the invasion, Greek became their main language and trading took its roots leading to the economic expansion because trade routes were opened which passed from the Indian Ocean to India and later in East-South of Asia(Shipley, 2014). The establishment of trade routes was the major impact as it made many industries commercial hubs, for instance, Babylon and Corinth to mention a few.
Further, before his reign the people had mixed ways of worshipping. For example, gods and goddess such as Zeus and Diana were believed thus stronghold of the system. Alexander ruling introduced ‘face to face Greek religion’ which involved mingling(Shipley, 2014). During this process of mingling, fascinating syncretism was produced leading to the formation of ‘newly-minted gods.’ Besides, during this spell, ruler-cults were introduced and after he passed away people started worshipping him as their god(Shipley, 2014). From the above description, this is how the religion changed under Alexander’s period of ruling.
Under the philosophy, Alexander made the ‘old Greek tradition’ to be forgotten. His theory emphasized majorly on the internal life of a person and through the development of ways in which human being can live a good life anticipated. Initially, they relied on traditional means of life which could not secure themselves a good life(Shipley, 2014). His ideas also led to the development of schools of thoughts that is ‘Stoicism and Epicureanism’ which had a different approach to life but better compared to the traditional one. On the other side, science changed from classical thinkers to research mode making Alexandria city center of research(Shipley, 2014). This made the discovery of monsoon winds which was aided during sailings especially when going to the Indian Ocean. The discovery initiated the trading activities between Indians and Greeks(Shipley, 2014). In summation, Alexander had major influence and changed the direction which the world was sailing to a better place because his findings are only being improvised in the current world.
Shipley, G. (2014). The Greek World after Alexander 323–30 BC. Routledge.
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