In most cases, people tend to view other cultures on the basis of a personal prism as opposed to a worldview approach. The Islam way of life is one of the areas that is covered using Western lenses and often misleads the audience through stereotypes and discrimination on Muslims (Morgan, 2016). The trend can be termed as Islamophobia, that is, the treatment of Muslim people with mistrust and associating them with negative elements. Scholars argue that Islamophobia is influenced by implicit bias, historical events, and cultural factors. The failure to have a realistic understanding of Islam has pitted Muslims against other individuals (Kaplan, 2006, 250. Nonetheless, the application of prejudice theories can help to shed more light on Islamophobia, its causes, and the impacts it has on the concerned parties.
Literature, cinema, and television programs are important platforms which help people to receive knowledge, develop ideas, and have a better understanding of the world. It is worth noting that past studies infer that media has a significant influence on the spread of Islamophobia. The proliferation of Islamophobia is said to result from the existing gap between the West and Muslims (Beydoun, 2016). An example is the fact that Muslim individuals in Western countries are often perceived as being a threat to security. It creates the impression that Muslims are not welcomed in Europe.
Nonetheless, this treatment has no foundation. Often, some Islamic teachings are radical and opposed to other religious groups. There is a widely held view that Islam is intolerable to other religions and supports global instability through terrorism.
The bombing of the World Trade Center and other attacks on European embassies did escalate the Islamophobia wave. In the USA, the war on terror impacted on the definition of Muslim individuals as they were treated as suspects (Ahmed, 2018). It is under the banner of the war on terror that media outlets began portraying Muslims as being a source of the threat. The campaign painted Islam as being an enemy of the USA and other European countries. In many European countries, Muslims are considered to be the most recognisable individuals due to the wearing of both abayah and jubbah. In males, the distinguished beards and clothing make it easy to locate them in publicsettings (Johnston, 2018, 170). In many media outlets, Muslims are presented as being fanatics and terrorists.
On the other hand, Islam is depicted as being religion that has a close association with terror activities and encourages its members to be aggressive other parties. Likewise, many Islamic garments such as Niqab are treated with suspicion and are often considered to harbour weapons(Cherkaoui, 2016). The spread of Islamophobia has increased the chances of violating the rights of Muslims. Nonetheless, the treatment of such groups can better be understood through the application of varying prejudice theories. They form the basis of understanding the preconceptions among many people and factors that propel negative stereotypes.
In his theory of personality, Rogers strives to explain factors that enable people to separate truth from
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