During WWII, China fended off the Japanese invasion that first launched on September 18, 1937, at the Marco Polo Bridge. The country was actively involved in the war to stop Japanese from conquering much of East Asia and the Pacific. In the process, China lost approximately 16 million lives.
In December 1937, the Japanese army swept into the city of Nanking, which was the capital of the Kuomintang government at the time. After a short and intense battle, the city fell into the enemy’s hands. Within six to eight weeks, the Japanese army had massacred more than three hundred thousand civilians and raped at least eighty thousand women. As Iris Chang mentioned in her book, The Rape of Nanking, the death toll from the massacre was higher than both the Nagasaki and Hiroshima bombings combined. Most of Japanese, however, still regard the Nanking Massacre as a minor event. Moreover, they neither acknowledge Comfort Women nor Unit 731.
In this term paper, I will discuss the impacts of the atrocities that Japan has committed against its neighboring countries and its relationship with China and the Republic of Korea. The essay will primarily focus on the topic of Japanese history as well as the textbook’s description of the Nanking Massacre and Comfort Women. The
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