Q1. The answer is C (Yes, because Article III permits the Congress to convert final decisions into advisory opinions). It is constitutional for the Congress to pass a statute that allows cases relating to federal taxes on which federal courts has rendered final decisions to be reopened in certain situations. The constitution gives the Congress the legislative authority to regulate the structure, administration, and jurisdiction of the courts, even though such oversight role may sometimes result in a conflict of interest between these two arms of government. Since the issue taxation affects the lives of almost everyone in the country, the Congress has the legal powers to pass a statute that allows cases relating to federal tax cases on which the federal courts have rendered final decisions to be reopened in certain situations since they represent the electorate who are affected by these federal tax laws.
Q2. The answer is A (An issue of Senate advice and whether the Senate properly performed its duty is
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