Literacy Practice

The term “literacy practice” refers to the application of written language in people’s normal lives. Although it entails reading and writing, its development is based on different aspects which emerge from the social and developmental perspectives. The practice usually begins at an earlier age when children are about six months after birth and continues henceforth. At the earlier stages, children only develop literacy through observing written materials, especial those containing attractive content. According to researchers, the earlier form of literacy practice comprises of the social aspect whereby young children interact with adults such as their elder siblings or parents who introduce them to written materials through narrating to written stories to them. Besides, children are introduced to their culture through narrations, and as time goes by, they develop the skills of leaning on their own.

However, literal practices, especially those taught to young children depend on the environment where children are born. For example, children born in households where books and other written materials are unavailable tend to develop literacy skills through spoken language. However, it takes time for them to understand the written language. Mostly, they learn how to read and write when they are taken to elementary classes. On the other hand, children born in households with plenty of written materials tend to develop literacy practices through learning alphabets, reading, and then writing (Benavot, 2015 p. 281). This is because they come in contact with the written materials regularly, and so they can learn concepts contained there from time to time until they become conversant with reading.

Literacy practices are continuous in life such that they trend from simple to complex. After introducing children to the literacy practice at home, they are then taken to schools where teacher equip them with further reading and writing skills. Most of the teachers are equipped with skills in teaching literacy practices. Among the practices taught in schools include group reading, singing, writing alphabets, and even engaging in visual forms of learning. Since growth and development occur in milestones, children tend to develop more cognitive skills as they grow older and this substantiates their understanding of the visual practices. Besides, the developed minds enable them to learn new concepts and languages even when they had not been introduced to them before.

Even at the later age, individual apply the literacy practices learned in their entire lives analyze situations and make conclusions critically. Besides, learning is continuous, and this shows that gaining literacy skills is also continuous. Therefore, literacy practices are part of human life in the current society and people tend to live according to how they have what learned through reading and writing. This also confirms that people's social values and practices are related to the literacy practices they learned during the growth process. In essence, literacy practice is universal, and all those who access written material at home or in learning institutions have high chances of passing through it. As such, it is important to let children go through elementary education to access literacy practices.

The Universality of Literacy Practice

            Universality in literacy practice refers to the different views and approaches applied in different countries in the world to enhance learning among preschool children.In English-speaking countries such as the United States, early childhood

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