Maritsa river pollution

Maritsa river pollution

Maritsa is among the largest river that flows in the Bulgarian region. With the regions depending much on this river the quality of its water is of paramount importance. The water is used for recreation, irrigation industries and even domestic purposes. Besides, the river provides much water within the Turkish regions. Therefore, the quality of this water and its management is not only of great importance in Bulgaria but also to other neighboring nations. The river runs for about 500 Km long and has its source in the RilaMountains and empties its water into the Aegean Sea. However, the river has other tributaries that include the ArdaRiver, Tindzha,Biala among others. Being a source of much of the water that is consumed in this region the river is susceptible to various pollutants. The focus of the review is to present some of these pollutants and suggest some of the approaches that might be necessary in dealing with problem.

Source of pollution

One of the greatest pollutants of the water in the river is the urban waste water.Genina et al., (2017) argues that wastewater collection contributed to about 67% to the pollutants that get to the river. It is only 30% of the waste water in the region of Marista sub basin that gets treated. With such great amounts of water getting into the river without being treated it only leads to a great risk not only to the people using the river but also to the animals in the water. In the ideal circumstance, the waste water is supposed to undergo three stages of treatment before being released back to the river. However as already mentioned it is only 30 percent of the water that undergo these stages (Skoulikaris, &Zafirakou, 2019). Therefore, the large percentage of the water from industrial and home uses within the Maritsa river region is never treated. This eventually reduces the quality of water and makes it unsafe for human consumption. However, studies have shown in the recent times that there are ongoing efforts to construct collection and treatment systems. The approach could help in dealing with this challenge and thus ensure that the waste water release

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