In the United States, maternal depression is a significant health concern where at least one child out of ten is associated with a depressed mother in every year (Hahn-Holbrook, Cornwell-Hinrichs & Anaya, 2018). It is crucial that healthcare providers and other specialists who interact with children and mothers learn about the severe health implications of maternal depression. In the US the issue is increasingly being recognized as a public health concern that also affects children under the care of these mothers. Many factors are contributing to the development of maternal depression which makes the problem very common and hence burdening the healthcare sector. Observable depression features have a substantial ability to impact the functionality of a mother in providing adequate care to her children. The development of major depression leads to increased comorbidity, severe functioning impairment, and other psychological disorder. Additionally, maternal stress is related to stressful life factors such as divorce, loss of a job or lack of social support.
Studies conducted to evaluate maternal depression identify that maternal functioning is significantly impaired. Mothers become less responsive to children; they cannot provide sufficient simulation and depict parenting difficulties (Taraban et al., 2017). Also, mothers under depression cannot seek appropriate medical care to their children and neither can they engage in preventive healthcare practices efficiently. Therefore, being under depression puts the health of the babies under enormous risk. Hence, there is an association between poor infancy outcome, childhood development, and adolescence with maternal depression. As such, it is observable that the effects of maternal stress have a lifelong impact on offspring. Therefore it is important to gather accurate information concerning maternal depression risk factors, the rate of occurrence, comorbidities and other negative factors associated with maternal stress. Collecting such information is essential for designing policies, designing the right healthcare intervention, promoting research and wellbeing for both mothers and children.
The PICOT Framework and Maternal Depression
In the endeavor to solve the problem of maternal depression, which maternal psychological health interventions are effective in preventing the challenges of development for the infants in the early stages?
Analysis of postnatal mental health hitches between different countries shows that over the past four decades there has been clear evidence of predominant postpartum problems of mental health from high-income countries which ranges from 10 percent to 15 percent. On the contrary, there has been very little evidence of perinatal mental health problems from both low and middle-income countries. In the recent decade, however, there has been consistent evidence from a series of researches that the rate of postpartum problems of mental health among women in low and middle-income countries may be double those in high-income countries. These problems constitute severe burdens to women's health. In addition to the women’s burdens, there is emerging evidence internationally about the effects of the mood disturbance on the health and development of the infants as well as young children of such women. The major contributing factors to maternal depression in low-income countries include high rates of diarrhea, the problems of infectious diseases, prolonged admission in hospitals, and failure to complete the recommended immunization schedules. Other factors that are linked to maternal depression include problems in the development of their children which can be physical, emotional, social, behavioral and cognitive. These factors may lead to minimal chances of child survival.
PICOT Analysis Based on the Maternal Depression
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