Nutrition Essentials for Nursing Practice

Excellent clinical care is underpinned by proper nutrition. In a situation where the nutrition intake of a patient is impaired over time, deficiencies of diet happen. Due to illness, a patient who is admitted to the hospital may have lost the ability or desire to eat or malnourished. Not being able to address the issues and address the problems appropriately will make the nutrition status of the patient to be compromised further. The group of healthcare professionals who give care to patients 24hours in a hospital setting is nurses, and they are in a position that is ideal in identifying nutritional problems and also investigate concern that was initiated as well as a referral (Best, 2008). Unfortunately, nurses do not always recognize the role that is important that they play in the nutritional care of a patient.

Annually thousands of patients are staved in the midst of plenty. Similar observations in patients are still being seen of patients in the 21st century. Poor nutrition in the hospital can be seen as not a problem that is new, but little importance has been given to this healthcare aspect. Vitamin deficiency and malnutrition went unrecognized often and also not treated by the staff in the hospital, and few patients do have their body weight checked (Dudek, Lippincott Coursepoint for Dudek's Nutrition Essentials for Nursing Practice, 2013). Many guidelines, resolutions, and policies have been enacted in response to the recognition made of the poor health nutrition towards the end of the 20th century into the 21st century in addressing the problem.

Malnutrition is a problem that is common globally, and in countries that are developed, it is explicitly linked to alcoholism and poverty. Patients in the hospital also encounter it. Malnutrition, in other words, means starvation, but it encompasses inadequacy of nutrient in a diet. Nutrition has been recognized in people having restricted, limited intake of food, but it also links with food intake in excess. Those having malnutrition may be having evidence for protein-energy malnutrition and deficiencies in mineral and vitamins more so after surgeries that are major and chronic illness. The cause of hunger is low nutrients availability due to intake that is poor or deficiency as a result of the disease. Malnutrition is the most disease co

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