Organizational Theories

Accordingly, classical organizational theory deals with formal organization and its different structures that increase management efficiency. It uses other approaches such as planning for work to improve the work being done. Effectively, this theory uses scientific management concepts to introduce elements such as standardization, specialization, and simplification. The classical organizational theory operates under specifically designed structures. For instance, Alternative Structural International (ASI) has different structures that are integrated form one social service structure. This includes transitional housing programs, disability programs, and educational programs.

The classical organizational theory also explains that productivity is influenced by cooperation between the workers and the management this is through networking of employees, assigning each employee clear job descriptions that allow non-discretionary decision making. For example, at ASI workers and the management operate as an inclusive and productive economy, together with their clientele which includes people with disability, homeless families and the youth. Similarly, in classical organizational theory for increased efficiency, the capability of employees should be strengthened through training; at ASI this is done through educational programs that ensure employees handle situations better.

On the other hand, human relations theory is more centered on the idea that supportive teams facilitate the growth of organizations. It draws focus on human relations as a primary feature of organizations. Human relations theory explains that the nature of interactions between employees and the management plays a significant role in the development of an organization. Subsequently, ASI tries to enhance human relations through employee networks. These networks influence the performance of the organization by linking the clientele, partners and other stakeholders.

Furthermore, it explains that by tending to the emotional need of various stakeholders in the effectiveness of a company can improve significantly. For instance, ASI has programs such as the Permanent Supportive Housing (PSH) that helps individuals that are unemployed to obtain affordable housing. This creates the humanitarian element in the activities of the organization. , The inclusion of employees in the decision-making process enables them to feel included and this positively influencing their morale.

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