Personality

Personality

1. As we’ve learned in this chapter, Freud’s writings have exerted an enormous impact on popular culture, although many modern psychologists have questioned their scientific basis. What is “personality”? What elements make up someone’s personality? Describe the core assumptions of Psychoanalytic Theory. Describe key criticisms of Psychoanalytic Theory and the central features of Neo-Freudian Theories. 2. Humanistic models of personality boldly proclaim the importance of free will and personal choice. Explain the concept of Self-Actualization and its role in Humanistic Models. Describe key criticisms of Humanistic approaches in the field of psychology. 3. Proponents of trait models are interested primarily in describing and understanding the structure of personality. Describe Trait Models of Personality, including the Big Five. Identify key criticisms of Trait Models. 4. Explain what is meant by the concept of “Locus of Control”. Do you have a higher internal or external locus of control? What about for a choice like what you are you are going to eat and when? If a psychologist explained to you that you make this choice subconsciously before even realizing it, and by the time you think about it, you have already made the choice and you never have the chance to decide, would you accept that claim? 5. What are dreams and what can they tell us about each other and ourselves? Do dreams have symbolic meaning about our subconscious desires? Or are they random mixtures of our thoughts? Or are they nothing more than a random firing of neurons about which we invent a story when we wake up?