Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics

Drugs have different effects on the patient’s body (Arcangelo& Peterson, 2013). Drug reactions in the body are described as pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Pharmacokinetics is how the body affects the drug as it moves through the body. While pharmacodynamics is how the drug affects the body, or how the administered drug produces therapeutic effects in the body. Thus, it explains why when I administered a drug to the patient and the required outcome was not achieved. For an elaboration of these concepts, I chose a case study of a 75-year-old African-American female, presented with a bipolar disorder.

Patient Scenario

The 75-year-old African-American female patient, with bipolar disorder’s history, hypertension, gout as well as diabetes presented to inpatient psychiatric department of our hospital. The patient was referred to our facility from a clinical research health care for prolonged medication management and stabilization. The patient’s information obtained from her family shows that she was progressivelydecompensating, reduced oral food intake for the past 40 hours.        However, she accepts her medication, with poor judgment alongside poor insight; also the patient experienced incre

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