Philosophical Argument

An ontological argument deals with the very being of God. It is a Greek word ‘onto’ meaning ‘being’ and ‘logos’ meaning ‘the study of.’ St Anselm argued on the existence of God. His ontological argument appears in Chapter II of his prologue, where part A provides for the definitive statement of the argument. The forms that can be adduced here are reduction and absurdum, meaning there is a hypothesis showing that it has weird or otherwise undesirable effects, and so the conclusion is the idea that God is non-existent is not true. The basis of Anselm’s idea is on the commencement of God as “that than which no greater can be conceived.” This perception of God’s existence is the kind of theory that is supposed to conflict.

Anselm argues that if God is that than which no greater can be conceived, then nothing can be greater than God, for example, a God that does exist. Therefore, the idea that God does not exist raises logical absurdity; that nothing is or can be illusioned to be superior to God. There is something more significant because the thought that God does not exist is quite impossible and there is nothing because it is not possible to imagine the existence of something more superior to the most excellent thing imaginable. There is a possibility that the hypothesis that gives rise to a logical absurdity is not correct. So, the hypothesis that God does not exist is not correct because God exists (Eder & Grootendorst 2016).

This type of argument is inductive: This is because inductive arguments are based on observation. For example;

  1. Mary, Alice, and Christine wear dresses
  2. Mary, Alice, and Christine are women
  3. Therefore, all women wear suits.

However, the legitimacy of inductive opinions can differ from 0% to 100% as they are based on the preliminary remark a

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