Initially, Iran was a monarchy, but this aspect was changed during the 1979 revolution. The inspiration for instilling a new form of government was spearhead by Ayatollah Khomeini. Khomeini commenced the formulation of an Islamic government while he was in exile during the early 1970s. His main objective was that the country’s government would be entrusted to the Islamic clergy; who were believed to have been appropriately trained in Islamic jurisprudence and theology (Valbjorn & Bank, 2011). His ideas were taken and used in the drafting of the country’s constitution, which was then ratified through a popular vote in 1979.
Just like the United States, Iran has various jurisdictions in its governmental structure. There is an elected president, legislature and judiciary. However, the major difference that exists is that Iran is a theocracy. Based on the current constitution, the country’s laws and regulations have to be aligned with Islamic criteria (Gheissari, 2009). The supreme leader is tasked with the responsibility of political and ideological control over a system that is dominated by clerics that tend to overshadow major functions of
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