First choice of questions, In response to one write a critical analysis based on the assigned readings and course discussion. Choose two of these books to get source. 1: Barfield, T. (2010). Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History 2: Edwards, D. B. (2002). Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad. Berkeley: University of California Press. 3: Zaeef, A. S. (2010). My Life with the Taliban. New York: Columbia University Press. Choose one question from the two below. four (4) complete typed pages. ¥ Narrow the question the most important issues. Briefly explain the importance. ¥ Take a position based on the question you chose: (1) state a strong thesis; (2) provide reasons that support your thesis; (3) provide evidence to support those reasons. ¥ When you cite evidence or arguments from the work of others, provide appropriate citations. (Any format will do.) ¥ This is not a research paper. You are expected to draw on the assigned readings and class discussions. You may use outside sources but ensure that they are credible. ¥ Ultimately, your essay must be your own work. However, you are encouraged to discuss the questions amongst each other or discuss issues with me. Please use the discussion feature on Collab so that everyone may benefit. (If you email a question to me, I will post my answer to Collab unless the question is of a personal nature.) Question 1 …during revolutionary interregnums competition among elites for coercive and authoritative control spurs certain leadership groups to mobilize previously excluded popular forces by mean of both material and ideological incentives. Skocpol, “Social Revolutions and Mass Military Mobilization,” p.149 What have been the means and consequences of political mobilization during the process of state building in Afghanistan? What factors affected the choice of mobilization strategy? What were the consequences of those choices for subsequent state building efforts? Question 2 …following the passing of a new constitution in 1964, which changed the country from an absolute to a constitutional monarchy – a top-down initiative of the king. Expectations raised by the new legal possibilities were not matched by the monarchy, which refused to accept political pluralism and legalized political parties. Thomas Ruttig, “How It All Began”, p.2 The period to which Ruttig refers began a crisis of political legitimacy that still has effects today. How did the legitimacy crisis start? What were its consequences on subsequent state building efforts? How did the national and subnational elite structure affect the legitimacy crisis?