Poverty can be broken down into relative and absolute poverty. Absolute poverty is the state whereby people are deprived of basic needs including clean water, food, health, sanitation facilities, information, clothing, education, and shelter. This is not only a matter of income, but also the access to services. Relative poverty, on the other hand, is a situation whereby individuals do not have access to the minimum amount of income that would ensure that they maintain average living standards as defined in the societies that they live in. In 2015, World Bank set the international poverty line at US$1.90 per day (Shildrick 7). Based on this threshold, almost 3 billion people live below the poverty line. The GDP of 41 poorest countries in the world is less compared to the wealth of the 7 richest people when combined. Around 21,000 children tend to die every day as a result of poverty prospects (Shah 1).
Causes of Poverty
There are various causes that result in poverty. Among them is war and political instability. In times of war, various resources are destroyed, and it becomes difficult for some families to earn a living. It also becomes difficult for foreign investors to invest in these countries since they fear that they might incur losses due to the climate at hand. It is clear that most of the poorest countries have experienced serious political upheaval and civil war at some point during the 20th century (Shildrick 117).
Environmental problems like inadequate rainfall that would ensure there is no presence of sustainable and adequate food. Most third world countries depend on agriculture as their main economic acti
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