On a scale of zero to one hundred, the corruption’s perception stands at forty-three whereby one hundred represents a clean corrupt while zero is highly corrupt. One of the global social problems remains to be corruption. However, many countries have made tiny strands if not any towards curbing corruption. A research conducted on 180 developing countries showed a demoralizing result of over 90 on the scale. The rampant corruption rate in recent society is baffling despite the various criticism to curb public corruption by social media activists. Corruption is gaining favor through unethical means such as fraud and bribing (Dunfee & Donaldson, 2017). This paper explains the causes and effects of corruption in developing countries.
Causes of corruption
The poor political landscape is the leading cause of corruption. Any country’s information access and freedom of speech are influenced by the political framework. There is a close relationship according to researchers between the corruption rate and media freedom. For instance, there is a high corruption prevalence on countries whose democracy is not fully realized or whose political system is broken. An excellent political landscape deprives leaders chance to advance themselves favors at the expense of other citizens due to the intense scrutiny from the public (Dunfee & Donaldson, 2017).
However, corruption is a burden to the developing countries due to its adverse effects on deteriorating economic growth and investments. Inferior public infrastructure is a vice perpetuated by bribery. Furthermore, the influence of political leaders on projects of investment for money, embezzlement of funds and awarding of unworthy contractor public contracts are also aspects of corruption. A crime and injustice avenue is created by corruption as there are no proper legal procedures to administer justice (Dunfee & Donaldson, 2017).
Various Ways to Curb Corruption
The affected countries should impose laws and ensure they are followed to the latter. Freedom of speech should be encouraged through democracy. Also, the changing of the political landscape should be ensured. Another method to fight corruption is by fostering the virtue of public accountability (Dunfee & Donaldson, 2017).
Corruption is causing stagnation and decline in the economic stability of all the developing nations. All the necessary steps should be imposed to curb the menace. For instance, restructuring of political infrastructures that had compromised corruptions.
Dunfee, T. W., & Donaldson, T. J. (2017). Untangling the corruption knot: global bribery viewed through the lens of integrative social contract theory. The Blackwell guide to business ethics, 61-76.