Progress Report

  1. Reading Summaries

One of the disasters that affected my home country is terrorism. It had negative impacts on both the country and the citizens. First, it damaged the reputation of the state as an unsafe place for the tourists. Secondly, it resulted in the loss of many lives; thus, leaving many children to live as orphans. This exposed them to economic hardships because of the support of their parents. Besides, it led to the massive destruction of property and individuals took a long duration before continuing with their normal lives. It also led to trauma among the families and the friends of the affected victims. Most of the people could not forget the memories of the horrific event.


Muslim Mass Pilgrimage Poses Logistical & Planning Challenges

The journal begins by discussing the Hajj which is the highest Muslim gathering across the globe. The author of the article is Kenneth D’Alessandro. It is evident that most accidents occur because of congestion in the area. In this case, such disasters can be controlled through proper planning.

Experiencing Hajj:

The articles talk about the experiences of paramedic students during the Hajj event in Mekkah. The authors of the report are William J Leggio and Abdulmajeed Mobrad among others. The main focus is on the use of focus groups to collect data (Gladstone,2017). Participants agreed that experiences were valuable to their education.

Influenza a common viral infection among Hajj pilgrims:

Influenza infection is common among people who attend Hajj event. The writer of this article is Balkhy HH. It is because of the millions of people who gather in Mekkah (Salamati & Rahimi, 2016). The article focuses on what causes the spread of influenza. In the future, people should be vaccinated before attending the event.

The annual Hajj pilgrimage

The journal talks about the best ways of minimizing infections during the Hajj event. The authors of the article are Shuja Shafi and Osman Dar among others. Therefore, attendees are likely to suffer from infectious diseases. As a result, tests should be done to prohibit infected people from attending.


Terrorism is one of the challenges that threaten the life of human-beings across the globe. Various professionals participate in rescuing missions after the occurrence of a terrorist attack. However, I will focus on the history of the police profession. Besides, I will also discuss the role of the police officers before, during and after the attack (Alaska, 2017). The history of the police commenced in the US in 1789. Previously, individual citizens were responsible for maintaining law and order in society. It led to the establishment of the US marshals. Historical records indicate that the first police services were introduced in Philadelphia in 1751.

The police officers have several roles to play before the attacks. First, they give the members of the public travel advisories before any assaults occur. Therefore, the public can avoid certain areas after receiving this intelligence information. Moreover, during the times of ambushes, they rescue and evacuate people from the regions under attacks. Besides, the control of the masses and advise them to stay away from those areas (Faulkner, 2001). The police also have a duty of removing all the explosives that may be set in the area. After the attack, the police should ensure that the right owners of assets take their properties. For instance, they can check logbooks before allowing people to take their vehicles. They also use the lessons learned from the attack to prevent a similar occurrence in the future.



Alaska, Y. A., Aldawas, A. D., Aljerian, N. A., Memish, Z. A., & Suner, S. (2017). The impact of crowd control measures on the occurrence of stampedes during mass gatherings: the Hajj experience. Travel medicine and infectious disease, 15, 67-70.

Faulkner, B. (2001). Towards a framework for tourism disaster management. Tourism management, 22(2), 135-147.

Gladstone, Rick. “Death Toll From Hajj Stampede Reaches 2,411 in New Estimate.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 21 Dec. 2017,

Salamati, P., & Rahimi-Movaghar, V. (2016). Hajj stampede in Mina, 2015: need for intervention. Arch Trauma Res, 5(2), e36308.