Public policy is a set of rules established by an administration to govern how the civil servants and the citizens of ac country utilise and use public resources and goods in the most desirable manner. These policies and principles are often unwritten and are always based on social laws. They guide the actions taken by the administrative executive branch in a country with a consideration of the class of issues in a way that is consistent with the constitutional laws and international customs. Public policy, therefore, becomes an essential element in the governance of a nation.
Sources of public policy
There are several sources of open systems that are used for administrative purposes. One of the sources includes the primary causes of public policies. These sources are documents that were recorded or written down at that particular time when the event occurred. They include the written diaries, speech, letters, newspaper articles, Government document among others. Primary sources are crucial in determining how public administrator deal with different situation.
In most cases, it is meant to provide a highlight on how to deal with the same situation again in case it reoccurred. Among the significant documents that have been known to record the primary sources of public policies include the Magna Carta which introduced a check to government power. Currently, it is more than 800 years old. The US constitution is around 550 years old. It confirms the principle of an enlightened age.
There are also modern approaches to public policy approaches. The use presidents still have veto power over legislation, and therefore allowed to make policies to govern the public. However, public policy making is still a negotiable institution than it was in the past centuries. The modern approaches to public policies include the federal decisions on how systems are to be carried out, debase over accessibilities and revision of the primary systems. These make the basis of the policies in the USA and other parts of the world.
Differences between public policy and private policy
There are distinctions between private and public systems; the first difference is the concept that public policies are involuntary policies while the individual plans are voluntary. In this case, public policies are based on the effective implementation of policies that may not favour a particular group of people, but they still have to adhere to the system. On the other hand, the country policies that govern private sectors are in line with the objectives of the individual institution, and it is their choices to follow and make such policies.
Private policies are peaceful and take care of the interest of the individual involved. However, the public policies may un-peaceful, and implementing of such systems may include struggler between different stakeholders. It is a policy that is meant to distribute resources for the benefit of the entire public, therefore taking the support from the private individual to the public may involve disagreeing un-peaceful approach. On the other hand, private policies are based on the consensus of the involved individuals, and it is negotiable for it to be implemented.
While private policies are efficient and the rate of corporation and monitoring may be transparent, public systems may be inefficient, and their implementation may be faced with various challenges. Among the problems that make the public policies inefficient is the mismanagement that comes from lack of proper care from the government. Since such systems of the public are not meant to result in profitability, people may take little attention with them and may involve a lot of bureaucracy during their implementations. The private police are however précised and have clear objectives.
When private policies become public policies
Here are cases where individual plans can become public policies. These circumstances depend on the necessity and the efficacy of such systems. An example of open methods that control international trade reveals that they originate from public political competition over private relationships with the government. Therefore they are the individual policies that govern their relationship other and implement them as public policies while dealing with the government. The different plans that become public policies are as a result of pressure from investors and self-interest groups that can as well be independent of government. The systems are meant to regulate the relationship between private sectors and public sectors.
Private policies that become public are based on the various pressure to harmonise the operations of the private companies based on the government dealings and regulations such activity is based on their response to the representation in the personal politics competitions over the person to win and the person to take charge outside the government arena. Therefore such policy establishments become crucial in ensuring operations in the government and the private sector. It is a utilisation of the element of control and the central power of the government to influence the individual sector activities in the daily trade and dealings.
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