Sagrada Familia

Introduction

In today's world, most people have become accustomed to seeing scaffolds around cities as high rise buildings pop up now and then. What many do not understand is the fact that not all buildings they see were designed to be built quickly. As a matter of facts, some architects who designed most of the massive skyscraper we see across the globe knew they would never live to see them complete. A perfect example of this scenario is the Sagrada Familia, a Catholic basilica Catalan, Spain. Sagrada Familia often referred to by the name Basilica i Temple Expiatory de la Sagrada Familia is one of the famous buildings in the world. Many people fly to Catalan, Spain have Sagrada Familia at the top of their list of the place to visit during their stay in Catalan capital. Sagrada Familia amuses many people from all the world not only because of its enormous size but because of its ultra-modern and groundbreaking architecture. The modern architecture of Sagrada Familia reveals the genius of the man behind its design, Antoni Gaudí.

What's make a good design? The Sagrada Familia has all that it takes for a good design. A good design is inspired by the architect, and components that make the interiors and the exteriors of the construction. Sagrada Familia has a mix of these two. It is approximately 136 years since the construction of Sagrada Familia began. Interestingly, the construction of this church is still unfinished today. It is believed that Sagrada Familia has remained incomplete for such a long time due to the complexity of the principal architect designs and a few other historical factors. Nonetheless, according to reports, the completion date of Sagrada Familia is projected to be between 2025 and 2028. Like the Egyptian Pyramids, Sagrada Familia is one of the most recognizable, lauded, and controversial structures of all time.

Founding of Sagrada Familia

The mastermind behind Sagrada Familia was a Spaniard named Joseph Maria Bocabella i Verdaguer. Bocabella was a devoted bookseller and the founder of The Spiritual Association of Devotees of Saint Joseph. The primary goal of this association was to disseminate Catholicism and promote the conservative ideology. Bocabella through this association campaigned to have a new church in the capital city of Catalan.  The church was to be dedicated to the Catholic Holy Family.

In the year 1872 Bocabella paid homage to the Holy Father of Rome where he told him of the idea and handed him a silver image of the proposed church.  The original idea of Bocabella was to build an expiatory temple. The Spiritual Association of Devotees of Saint Joseph having raised enough money to purchase some land and hire an architect decided against acquiring the land limited by the streets of Mallorca. According to -&&5&, the land which was 12,800 meter squared was purchased for €1,034. Thereafter, the decision of commissioning the architect Francesc de Paula y Villar to design and oversee the construction of the church that would not resemble any building in the world was made.

The official construction of Sagrada Familia commenced on 19th March 1882, by laying of the first stone by bishop Morgades. As noted by &*6&&, Francesc de Paula y Villar plan was to build a conventional neo-gothic structure. With the inspiration of the conventional neo-Gothic style, Paula was to construct a building with high levels of decoration. The building was to have a three-nave church. Such a structure was to constitute blister windows, exterior buttresses, and a high needle-like spire. However, it was not long as soon as Paula resigned. The resignation of Paula as the project director of Sagrada Familia came as a result of discrepancies with Joseph Maria Bocabella and other board members. On November the same year, the construction of Sagrada Familia was handed to another architect.

Incorporation of Gaudi

As mentioned earlier, Gaudi was not the original architect of the church. It was until 3rd November 1883 when he was hired. The hiring of Gaudi was the proposal of the architect Joan Martorell who was a board member of @@@@@@.  When he was taking over the project, Gaudí was aged 31 years. After taking over the construction, he completely changed the original style to fit his new architectural style. The architectural style employed by Gaudi was a combination of the Gothic with his forms of Art Nouveau. Considering that this was a new style, it made Gaudi known globally. It also made him be considered as the master if modern architecture. As &*777 observes, Gaudi was not fully commuted to the Sagrada Familia construction project until the year 1906, at age 57 when resigned from working on major public and private commissions.

As part of his new style, Gaudi made some changes in the way the crypt was made. He added a pit around it to enable light to enter and ventilate naturally. Additionally, under his leadership, the capitals were modified. This brought to an end the conflict between capitals and collar. His new style was well manifested when he established the idea of ​a grand temple. Nine years later, Gaudi laid the foundation of the Nativity facade, the cloister, and window of the north. Before his tragic death, Gaudi had seen the completion of the Nativity facade, and Portal del Rosario. Though he never supervised the construction of the passion facade, he laid the basis by did studies and calculations that were to enable his successor to complete it. He also left a model of the Glory facade, columns, vaults, windows, and roofs.

According to 46644&@, the new architectural style by Gaudi was inspired by the belief that "God's house should be free of bulky supports."  He also believed that a house dedicated to God should not be limited in terms of height and grandeur. This is the sole reason that Gaudi turned to nature to seek inspiration for what he termed as God's architecture *76%%.  This is the reason why the design motifs and the support structure of the Sagrada Familia were based on natural and organic forms.

Although he was dedicated to seeing the completion of the Sagrada Familia by at least 50%, Gaudi did not live to see the full completion of the building. However, before he left, he had a

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