Early treatment and best practices for the screening of HIV have the more significant potential of improving the outcomes which are generated from the patients and provide information on the best methods to be used in handling the situation. However, the Hispanic community is one of the ethnic minorities who are majorlyaffected by HIV/AIDS epidemics in the United States. The transmission rates of HIV are high among Hispanics compared to Asian, and the Southern California races and the Caucasian. TheHispanics record high death rates which associated with HIV than any other competition in the United States. As a result, the HIV testing and treatment, as well as the participation in patient care among the Hispanic community, was delayed. The focus of this paper is to discuss the systematic review with the best evidence available for the HIV screening and care among the Hispanic population and the United States in general.
The contribution of the Study of Knowledge
The study ensures that use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) transformed the HIV infection from a terminal disease into a chronic illness which is manageable. Several research studiesindicate that ART plays a vital role in reducing the possibilities of HIV secondary transmission as well as the viral load.
The significance of the Study
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) rates have continued to increase among the Hispanic communityin the United States; thus a need to curb the menace is mandatory. As a result, the study provides a cohesive approach for primary interventions which will help in reducing the level of HIV/AIDS spread as well as extensive medical treatment that can be applied during complications. The study provides a rationale to HIV/AIDS preventions.
Gaps in the study
The research bridged several differences in the study. For example, the gap in the nursing practice which are within the public health teams due to lack of knowledge on the best evidence-based on the methods with the specific risk population is a significant concern (Idele et al., 2014). This led to several concerns on the infection rates of HIV and AIDS in the United States among the Hispanic community leading laxity in HIV diagnosis at early stages as compared to other races.
Limitations Encountered During Research Study
The study made several approaches such provision of education guidelines as opposed to medical treatment to curb the spread of the disease as well as enlightening people about the disease which is confusing rendering the outcome passive. Similarly, lack of proper procedure in testing and treating HIV infected person made the study hectic because most of the result was made from the hypothesis, not actual testing. Additionally, the study was narrowed to a specific community with an assumption that it has covered the whole USA boundaries made the investigation incomplete.
The study reveals that improved research coordination for implementation and evaluation of science is significant in identifying and addressing the gaps that have existed in the progressing studies. Similarly, the advancement in the HIV diagnosis, as well as treatment service, is an essential step that helps in reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS among the Hispanic community in the United States.
Importance of the Research Methods
The sample research method used in the research study helped in providing concrete information based on the Hispanic community concerning the spread and treatment of the HIV/AIDS. The methods helped also reveal other pseudo factors that are pertinent to the range and treatment of HIV infections. Similarly, the method assessmentof early therapy and HIV screening behaviors is crucial as it ascertains the importance and the prevalence of the best practices among the Latina population.
The study applied a framework which embodies an HIV-inclusive risk campaign as the core pillars of promoting health care and screening such as connection, engagement, and testing. Additionally, the choice of the frame was because of its success in the core linkage pillar as well as the on physical health and comprehensive mental which are associated with screening(Horberg et al., 2015). Overall, the framework reveals that the existence of efficient linkage helps in supporting medical programs which are required to improve the quality lives of population among the vulnerable group.
Recommendation Based on Findings
Based on the findings, there is a dire need to improve the scientific approach effectiveness to allow massive interventions to take place while bridging the nursing gap. Similarly, it is essential to prioritize the treatment and screening of the infection through consistent and distinct practices that would facilitate proper control and management of HIV among the infected persons.
Suggestion for Future Recommendations
Best HIV screening practices and treatment should entail several services which are aimed atgender positive, efficient validating and empowering to enhance healthier living about the scientific approach (Horberg et al., 2015). Similarly, the past models should be integrated into other services which are linguistically and culturally competent to improve the implementation and organization of affirmative programs which are meant to encourage testing, treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS among the vulnerable communities.
Research Study in Practice
The research study can be put into practice because the model frameworks not only cover actual information but also reveal the ethical issue that can be addressed through physical interaction. Similarly, other research methods such as the educational approach involve real participants in the data collection.
Among the practitioners, the researchcoordination and evaluation requires scientific implementation for addressing and identifying the gap of the study (Higa et al., 2016). Particular agenda for actual exoneration of specific steps in understanding the practice of the focus study question is necessary to eradicate the spread of HIV and AIDS.
The online database and search engines such as EBSCO, NIH, and CINHAL which were used as the primary source for the literature of the study should be redesigned. Instead, the bibliographic databasesources and the website searches will be used as back up to the study question and methodology.
Study Frameworks and Theories
In the new frameworks, the study will focus on four models that have been identified to encompass thedrastic changes like HIV. These theoretical models and concepts help in enhancing the understanding of different management concept of HIV and AIDS. However, the models have significant variations depending on the status or nature of theaffected individuals (Jain et al., 2016). Additionally, the framework models include otherseveral public health nursing model and ecological models which help in the understanding of the steps and conditions that ought to be taken to facilitate the management processes.
Recommendation for Future Studies
It is necessary to apply specific practices in thepublic health system as well as the Hispanics communities to make informed decisions based on chosenintervention and delivery. The concepts and model section will be used to address the implications, dissemination, and implementation of the methods to eradicate HIV/AIDS among the Hispanic community.
Higa, D. H., Crepaz, N., & Mullins, M. M. (2016). Identifying best practices for increasing linkage to, retention, and re-engagement in HIV medical care: findings from a systematic review, 1996–2014.AIDS and Behavior, 20(5), 951-966.
Horberg, M. A., Hurley, L. B., Klein, D. B., Towner, W. J., Kadlecik, P., Antoniskis, D., …& Blank, J. (2015). The HIV care cascade measured over time and by age, sex, and race in a large national integrated care system. AIDS patient care and STDs, 29(11), 582-590.
Idele, P., Gillespie, A., Porth, T., Suzuki, C., Mahy, M., Kasedde, S., &Luo, C. (2014). Epidemiology of HIV and AIDS among adolescents: current status, inequities, and data gaps. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 66, S144-S153.DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000176
Jain, K. M., Maulsby, C., Kinsky, S., Charles, V., Holtgrave, D. R., & PC Implementation Team. (2016). 2015–2020 National HIV/AIDS strategy goals for HIV linkage and retention
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