Seizure Disorder Case Studies

Major Assessments Nurses Should Make During Seizure Event

Seizures activity can be broken into four stages, and these are prodrome (feelings occurring before the seizure), aura (the actual beginning seizure), ictus (seizure event), and postictal (recovery period) and the nurses should monitor every stage of the process. Following is a set of assessments a nurse should carry out during the seizure activity, the ictus phase.Firstly, the nurse should record the date and tie of the seizure starts. Next, the nurse should not changes during the activity in the patient’s awareness, level of alertness and confusion. The nurse should also asses the ability of the patient to understand, talk, think, remember, and also evaluate the patient’s emotions as well as perceptions. Additionally, the nurse should assess senses including seeing, feeling, testing and even hearing. Facial expressions, movements and muscle tone should be evaluated as well. The nurse should also note automatic movements, activities such as running, walking as well as wandering. Moreover, skin color, breathing, sweating, inability to control bowel and bladder should be assessed too. Besides, the nurse should note the region and side of the body where symptoms start, whether they persist in that specific region or they attack other parts.

Reason Why EEGStudyisprioritizedfor Patients with Seizure Disorders

Electroencephalography (EEG) is a significant test used in epilepsy diagnosis where it is painlessly and safely used to record the brain electrical activity. EEG study is prioritized because by reviewing videos recorded in the event of the seizure, detailed nature of the activities going on during the event are easily revealed. The information from these videos is invaluable as it enables the doctors to infallibly classifythe seizure and useit for recommending the most appropriate treatment options. The physician may also observe difficult to note phenomenon including confusion, short staring periods, and slight pauses in movements. Additionally, EEG is also excellent in detecting non-convulsive or unobservable convulsive epilepticus status which is cumbersome to diagnose clinically and is often mistaken for a lengthened postictal state.

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