Smoking and the Cardiovascular System

Smoking of cigarettes and other forms of tobacco have crucial effects on heart functionality due to the addiction it brings about. Tobacco has been known to the major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. According to the statistics compiled by the European Society of Cardiology, it was discovered that smoking causes 28% cardiovascular deaths in men aged between 35 and 65 years and 13% in women in the same maturity bracket. Smoking proves to be a real threat by killing about 6 million people in the world by causing lung cancer, related heart diseases and other associated illnesses. Cigarette smoke contains more than 40000 chemicals with various effects on the heart. The chemicals include nicotine, oxidative oxides, carbon monoxide, carbonyls, carbon disulphides, and benzene. Nicotine and carbon monoxide among the components have been widely studied and proven to possess harmful effects on the cardiovascular system. However, other harmful components are generic products of combustion of organic matter. These ingredients of the tobacco smoke cause serious harm on the hearth through initiating oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, lowering the levels of cardioprotective lipoproteins, and, increasing the concentrations of the cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood circulation.

Smoking and vaping have been proven to be among the top causes of cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, periphery artery disease and aortic aneurysm. It has also been associated with various types of cancer resulting in obstructive pulmonary disease. Either passive or active smoking has the capacity to initiate cardiovascular complications by mechanisms such as inflammation, hyperlipidaemia, thrombosis, and enhanced oxidative stress. Tobacco smoke is more harmful to the extent that even exposures to small quantities such as a few cigarettes in a day, passive smoking or occasional smoking have death threatening effects on the cardiovascular system.

Nicotine and its Pharmacological Properties

Nicotine is one of the most harmful components of tobacco smoke classified as an alkaloid with a high addiction property. Many tobacco consumers find it hard to quit smoking due to their addiction to nicotine. Cessation of smoking leads to the addicts to get hooked to vaping which is an equally harmful contributor to cardiovascular diseases — frequent cigarette smoking results to the dependent of the accumulated nicotine stores in the body. The urge to consume cigarettes tends to be higher in the morning as a result of the mindset developed in the individual. As the day progresses, the individual smokes more to relieve nicotine urgency in the mind.

One cigarette provides an average 2.2mg of nicotine. An individual consuming a packet of cigarette in a day absorbs an average of 30mg of nicotine. Nicotine has some physiological functions: it serves as a stimulant and a depressant. It raises the heart rate, increases coronary workload, deregulates cardiac autonomic function and stimulates the release of adrenal and catecholamine. Due to these effects, several smokers have reported complaints such as ever recurring duties, reduced fury, sadness, higher pressure after smoking. Abrupt stoppage of nicotine has adverse withdrawal symptoms such as increased water intake, anxiety, nervousness, eagerness, starvation, shakes, and heart tremors cigarette thirst among many more. Most of the mentioned symptoms may be so severe within a short period following termination of nicotine usage and may lead to death when not monitored properly though they are short term and finally stops within a few weeks. However, other symptoms such as weight gain, cigarette longing and appetite may take several years from the moment nicotine dependence was stopped.

Benefits of Quitting Tobacco smoking on Cardiovascular System

Despite the dangers of the withdrawal symptoms on the cessation of smoking pieces of evidence of beneficial aspects are encouraging. However, the time frame to achieve the positive effects of stopped nicotine usage may vary depending on the commitment of an in

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