Social Anxiety Related

Social Anxiety Related

Overview

Social anxiety disorder is also known as social phobia, and it is defined as an intense fear of judgment, rejection and negative evaluation. Most people in the society who experiences social anxiety disorder often get frustrated on acting, or they feel anxious visibly, for example, stumbling over words and blushing. Some people can also have the same feeling when they are considered or viewed as boring, awkward and stupid. The impact such feelings produces in an individual comprises of avoiding social or performance issues, but when such situations are beyond avoidance, they will feel distressed and anxious. Several individuals, who have social anxiety experiences numerous physical symptoms like nausea, sweating, fast heart rate, and full-blown attacks while dealing with feared situations. Despite acknowledging excessive and unreasonable fear, people with social anxiety will always feel less powerful to handle their anxiety. Social anxiety disorder is common among the modern society population; for example, 15 million American adults are affected by the disorder. The teenagers are more prevalent to social anxiety disorder where shyness is reported in childhood but essentially not only shyness indicates the presence of the disease. Social anxiety disorder can completely distort the ordinary interaction qualities of the affected individuals.  Such individuals can decline a job opportunity that will require frequent interactions with new people. Severe symptoms of the condition can disrupt the daily life of people, the daily routines, social life, and professional performance. The adverse effects of the signs are that teenagers may find it challenging to complete school, acquire normal and romantic relationships and to go through an interview to get a job successfully. People with social anxiety are also highly prevalent to major depressive disorders and alcohol abuse disorders. There are a variety of effective treatments that can be assigned to the social anxiety disorder patients but, it is reported that less than 5% of the affected people seek treatment in the year after initial onset. Unfortunately, more than a third of the population report symptoms for ten or more years before seeking treatment.

Psychopharmacological treatment approaches

The social anxiety disorder was found to be so much common among children and adolescents. In children and adolescents, a multimodal treatment approach is necessary, and it is considered to be the most effective approach. The multimodal approach encompasses exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy, patient and family education, use of medications and family therapy. Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the best treatment that is required among children and adolescents. The efficacy of other drugs in the treatment of anxiety disorders in this group is not well established so far.  The cure for Social anxiety disorder is shown to be dependent on the severity of the physical and emotional symptoms and the ability to function daily.  The length of treatment also plays a significant role since some people can respond positively to the initial treatment while others may need moral support in their entire life. Psychopharmacology as a form of treatment involves the combination of both therapy and medication, and this is the best treatment for social anxiety disorders in all the groups.

Pharmacological treatment

Several forms of treatment are proposed for Social anxiety disorder, and every treatment has its advantages and disadvantages depending on the situation. The Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are considered as the best medication for social anxiety disorder. SSRIs, when combined with cognitive behavioral therapy, an effective treatment outcome, is likely to be achieved.  SSRIs action takes place through the blocking of the serotonin reuptake and the p

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