Syria’s Civil War and its Impact on the World

Syria’s Civil War and its Impact on the World

The Middle East is a region that is plagued by civil and international wars. When you talk about the region, what comes to one’s mind are thoughts of instability, chaos, and turmoil. Currently, Syria is experiencing a civil war that has caused many damages to the region and the world.[1] Recently, the brutality of the Islamic States and extremist groups have amplified the violence leading to intervention by the international community. The theory of realism defines an international system as anarchy.[2] Countries have sovereign powers and are independent of each other. Each country uses the state power to defend themselves and hopes to survive.[3] Foreign invasion is a threat to any state, and the country will use their powers to defend and advance their national interest. Although Syria’s civil war began as a response to bad governance, it has affected the international community because it has caused the destabilization of Europe, the collapse of the global market and rise of terrorist groups.

First, Syria’s civil war has destabilized Europe. In the last century, when Europe enacted the open border agreement, it did not expect an overflow of migrants. In 2015, Europe received more than a million migrants from Syria due to the civil war happening in the region.[4] Many people have died when trying to move to Europe by sea raising a moral challenge. The attack on Paris by the Islamic States ignited security retaliation across Europe. Currently, Europeans are building barriers along the border; however, the mass migration has strained the unity in Europe.

Second, Syria’s civil war has led to the collapse of the global market. Due to the disarray of the Syrian government, terrorist groups have taken advantage and are currently having a strong foothold in the country.[5] The situation has had a direct impact on the global markets that depend on the resources in the Middle East. The oil market has been affected since investors have lost confidence in the stability of the oil resources.[6] The rise in oil prices has affected all economies.

Third, Syria’s civil war has led to the rise of terrorist groups. The instability in the government paves the way for harmful terrorist organizations.[7] The ISIS has resulted in tension in the region and globally due to the ongoing violence such as executing of opponents, sex slavery, slaughtering of minors and bombing of states. Moreover, the terrorist group has conducted terror attacks in France and Yemen. The group has recruited thousands of young people from Europe to join them, and this has raised international concerns.

In conclusion, the Syrian civil war has caused destabilization of Europe due to migrants, the collapse of global market and rise of terrorist groups. The war is a threat to the humanity and stability of countries. One might believe that it is easy to fix the problem. The war is more than just a bad government. The roots of Syria’s civil war lies in the domestic and sectarian conflicts that have always remained unresolved. The international community must intervene to find ways to end the war. Without a solution as soon as possible, other countries that experience uprising will be obliged to follow Syria’s approach, and this will result in turmoil for international affairs.  The significance of good relations among the international community is beyond the Syria problem. Policy-makers should not allow differences concerning Syria policy to affect the international community.



Issa, Philip. “Syrian civil war: Five ways the conflict has changed the world.” Independent. 2016, March 13. Accessed February 9, 2017.

Jackson, Robert H., and Georg Sørensen. Introduction to international relations: theories and approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Metzger, Tobias. “The Arab League’s role in the Syrian civil war.” Inquiries Journal 6, no. 07 (2014): 1-4.


[1]Philip Issa. “Syrian civil war: Five ways the conflict has changed the world.” Independent. 2016, March 13, accessed February 9, 2017,

[2]Robert H. Jackson and George Sørensen, Introduction to international relations: theories and approaches (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), 63-70.

[3] Robert, Introduction to international relations, 64.

[4] Philip Issa, “Syrian civil war.”

[5] Philip Issa, “Syrian civil war.”

[6]Tobias Metzger, “The Arab League’s role in the Syrian civil war” 6, no. 07 (2014): 1-4.

[7] Philip Issa, “Syrian civil war.”

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