THIS IS A POLICY PAPER. MUST STRICTLY FOLLOW THE GUIDELINES. SUBJECT: Targeted Killings 35% of the paper: Background (including Statement of the Issue/Problem) 35% of the paper: Pre-Existing Policies 20% of the paper: Policy Options (including Pros & Cons) 10% of the paper: Technicalities (including executive summary, bibliography, writing style, etc) Israeli officials hope to arrest a senior member of a terrorist organization who is directly responsible for over 50 terrorist attacks and the deaths of more than 200 Israeli civilians. After repeated demands by Israeli state officials, local Palestinian authorities continuously refuse to arrest him. Experts of the army and the Internal Security Agency determine that an attempted arrest of the target by Israeli forces would result in a violent public confrontation and would be logistically unfeasible. Instead, officials decide to kill the target by bombing his apartment at a time they believe he will be alone. But, intelligence reports prove faulty: the target is in fact with his young daughter at the time of the attack, and buildings around him are occupied. In addition to the intended target, 10 civilians, including four children, are killed. The terrorist organization declares the attack to be a massacre and calls for revenge. The local community is outraged, world leaders condemn the attack, and even Israel’s allies declare that the act was too severe and disproportionate. In light of this international condemnation, you have been commissioned by the Human Rights Council of the United Nations to investigate the incident and determine whether or not it constitutes a war crime under international law. Guidelines What is targeted killing? Address a brief historical overview of its use. In what situations, if any, could targeted killings be considered an effective, moral and/or legal measure in fighting terrorism? How can security officials find a balance between the need to deter and punish terrorists and the likelihood of “collateral damage”? What recommendations and guidelines would you provide countries to ensure targeted killings are legal and justified?