Terrorism refers to the unlawful use of violence and intimidation against civilians and innocent people in pursuit of political aims. This phenomenon has been in existence for an extended period. However, before the First World War, the cases of terrorism were not common. They increased in the recent past. It is a strategy which is currently being used by political participants to achieve their goals. In most cases, terrorists target the civilians as a way of coercing the government and other political organisations to change their stand about a particular matter. They aim to achieve political goals. However, there are various other causes of terrorism which are not connected to politics. Some groups may cause harm and intimidation to the civilians for religious aims. This implies that there are various factors which lead to terrorists.
According to history, the number of cases of terrorisms has significantly increased. As a result, there is a large number of deaths caused by the actions of the terrorists. There are various techniques used by terrorists to achieve their targets. One of the main ones is carrying out random attacks on civilians. Terrorists can also use explosive as a way of killing and intimidating civilians. In most cases, the people who join terrorist groups are the ones who have despaired in their lives. They have undergone a lot of challenges; hence they do not care about the consequences of their actions. In the recent past; there has been an increase in the number of suicide bombing attacks. Terrorists no longer care about the outcome of their efforts but are ready to lose their lives in order to achieve the set goals. Suicide bombing has been on the rise since the end of the Second World War. It has contributed to the death of army people.
There are various reasons why terrorists kill themselves. One of them is a strong belief in their religion. In most cases, terrorists are Muslims, who have controversial views. They engage in terrorist activities as a way of adhering to their faith. They believe that a person will be rewarded for killing a significant number of people. As a result, they struggle a lot to achieve the objective. They do not care about the consequences of their actions. Their strong desire to adhere to their belief makes them kill themselves (Pape, 2008 130). They look for the most appropriate technique which can give them an opportunity to kill a significant number of people without being killed or detected. In suicide bombing, the terrorist targets a place with a large number of people. Since they do not care about the effect of their action, they end up committing a suicide bombing. Such acts kill and injure masses of people, including the terrorists. This implies that obsession with religious beliefs is a contributing factor to the increasing cases of suicide attacks bombing attacks being witnessed in the world (Henne, 2012 50).
During the recruitment of terrorists, they enter into a covenant they will carry out massive killings. This implies that apart from their religious belief, these people are initiated into a death cult. As a result, they should do all that it takes to achieve the agreement. The organisations which recruit they brainwash most of the terrorist. They are given a poor interpretation of their religious beliefs. Additionally, they are also given false promises which motivate them to use the technique possible to achieve them.
Political rivalry is the leading cause of terrorist attacks in the world. Most of the massive killings being witnessed are as a result of conflicts between governments of different countries. They may also occur when there are disagreements between different political groups in a nation. Suicide bombers kill themselves due to their strong desire to achieve their political goals. They aim to bring change in a country. As a result, their main aim is to save future generations from political manipulations. As a result, they are ready to sacrifice their lives to rescue other people. This implies that sometimes terrorists want to act as martyrs to save the life of other people. Their passion for rescuing future generations from political exploitation motivates them to kill themselves. They are aware that even if they do not enjoy the fruits of their intervention, other people will be able to live comfortable lives. This implies that one reason which makes terrorists use the self-sacrifice tactic in their operation is their desire to rescue other people who are suffering like them.
Another significant factor which motivates terrorists to kill themselves is revenge. In most cases, the attacks are carried out in response to an evil activity carried out against other people (Howe, 2008 79). A good example is a situation where the government uses force to coerce people to adhere to a particular policy. Most of the political attacks are carried out to react to the evil actions of a government towards other people. In such situations, terrorists are ready to do anything to make sure that the opponent pays for their actions. They are prepared to lose their lives for the sake of getting their justice. In most cases, suicide bombers take revenge on behalf of a particular group of people. Since all the people cannot take part in fighting back the enemy, terrorists prefer to sacrifice their lives for the sake of other people. When revenging, people do not care about the outcomes of their actions. Their main aim is to make the other party suffer at all costs. They can sacrifice their lives to make sure that the oppressors pay for their actions.
More than 90% of the terrorist attacks which have been executed are aimed to force a particular government to withdraw its military from a certain territory. This implies that land disputes among various nations cause most of the innocent killings. This motivates terrorists to use the self-sacrifice tactic. The main aim of the terrorist is to recover the land which has been overtaken by a particular government (Butterfield, Richardson, 2008 140). The terrorist use any means to ensure that the military vacates the territory which they believe to belong to them. Terrorists believe that by killing many people, the government will be coerced to withdraw their army. The attackers are more concerned about the outcomes of their actions. They prefer to use the strategy which will generate the best results. In suicide bombing, many people lose their lives because the attackers are not afraid of dying. They are ready to sacrifice their lives to achieve the desired results. The attackers are prepared to lose their lives but make sure that they gain full control of their territory which has been invaded. They aim to ensure that their future generations do not suffer.
In most cases, the people who are recruited to terrorism are the ones who have undergone a lot of suffering and humiliation. As a result, they carry out massive attacks to ensure that their oppressors pay for their actions. In most cases, terrorists do not care about their lives. The long term suffering motivates them to make other people go through the experience they have been having (Lankford, 2010 138). Due to prolonged pain and humiliation, such people do not see the essence to continue living they are ready to lose their lives instead of to continue suffering in the hands of other people. This implies that terrorists use the self-sacrifice tactic as a way of dealing with the challenges they have been going through. Additionally, such people do not want to live with the guilt that they caused suffering to a large number of people (Townsend, 2014 448). They prefer to die with the target people rather than being left behind to undergo a lot of mental torture. Thus, fear of [paying for their acts motivate terrorists to use the self-sacrifice tactic in executing their plans.
Altruism is another significant factor which motivates terrorists to kill themselves. It refers to a situation where a person has a selfless concern about other people. In most cases, the terrorist act on behalf of a large group of people. As a result, they are ready to carry out an activity to ensure that the rest of the group members enjoy. In the attacks attributed to political differences, terrorists want to ensure that the other people in the country do not continue suffering (Jacques and Taylor, 2008 115). Their selfless concern about other people motivates them to do whatever it takes to achieve their goals. They want other people to leave comfortably through their interventions. As a result, they are ready to sacrifice their lives for the sake of other people. They prefer losing one person and saving the lives of a large number of people. They believe that self-sacrifice tactic will show their level of commitment in their mission. As a result, the opponent can change mind about their policies. Terrorists prefer self-sacrifice tactic when executing their task because it has been found to be very useful.
Economic, social and personal rewards can motivate terrorists to execute a suicide bombing. In most cases, the attackers work under various organisations (Bruce 2013 28). They are given promises of rewards to be handed over in the case of execution of the required task. In most cases, the attackers who kill the highest number of people are given certain awards, which in most cases are in the form of material wealth. Although the suicide attackers do not enjoy the rewards, such promises motivate them to use the self-sacrifice technique. They believe that their next of kin will benefit from the awards. Others are driven by the fact that they will become famous in the society. They think that they will be remembered for killing a large number of people (Elster, 2005 241). However, this factor of motivation is secondary to other main factors which have contributed to an increase in the number of suicide bomb attacks in the world.
The culture of the organisations which recruit people to terrorists has a significant influence on suicide tacks. In most cases, there is martyrdom within the organisation or the society in which it operates. The pressure and support from the community also motivate terrorists to use self-sacrifice tactics in the attacks (I Townsend, 2007 40). Nationalism also motivates suicide bombing. In most cases, terrorists aim to rescue their nation from external intruders who want to be in control of it. As a result, domestic people feel oppressed and may decide to sacrifice their lives to rescue their territory. They believe that they will live a more comfortable experience when they die.
In conclusion, there has been an increase in cases of terrorism in the world. Various techniques are used to execute the attacks. In the current period, many terrorist groups have adopted the self-sacrifice tactic in the execution of their plans. This has been motivated by various factors. They include psychological aspects of the people involved as well as revenge. Nationalism has also driven many terrorists to use suicide bombing as a way of rescuing their nations and territories. Strong belief in religion and the desire to receive awards has acted as a contributing factor to the increased cases of suicide bombing. The culture of terrorist organisations has also led many attackers to use self-sacrifice tactic in the execution of their tasks. Thus, apart from politics and religion, there are other factors which motivate terrorists to use suicide bombing.
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