During the Reagan Administration, the USA took a staunch position in global perspectives. Contrary to the previous settings, the USA was greatly concerned about the violation of human rights across the globe. Most incidences were linked to the dictatorial styles of the communist community. During the state Union address in 1985, the Regan Doctrine stressed on the need to ensure that there was the collaboration with countries that were opposing the community administration. In particular, the Reagan Doctrine held that the USA could not cut ranks with the people risking their lives in Nicaragua and Afghanistan to oppose the communist rule
The Reagan Doctrine was seen as being a direct violation of the interest of the USSR. During the 1870s, the USSR had made attempts to move to the Middle East. The move was opposed by both the United Kingdom and the USA. Although the USA did not have an interest in the Middle East, it held that the actions of the USSR were aggressive and in violation of human rights. It is critical to note that the Reagan Doctrine had profound impacts on the USA foreign policy during the 1980s. Unlike the periods where the USA did not take part in global activities, the 1980s saw the USA emergence as the leading country in the fight for human rights.
The creation of the Regan Doctrine was based on the need to highlight the challenges in the USA relations with other countries. The USA president was of the idea that the administrative processes in the Soviet Union are a threat to the relations across the globe. The spared of these ideologies was argued as having the effect of leading to an increase in the number of dictators. During the reign of dictators such as Stalin and Mussolini, there was an increased number of deaths and other violation of human rights.
The Support of Military Actions in Afghanistan by the USA
Although Afghanistan was one of the territories that were controlled by the USSR, the USA took an active role in offering militarist aid to the country. Through the Carter Administration, the USA offered substantial aids to resistance e groups in the region intending to fragment the elderships of the USSR. The support took the form of Mujahedeen group that made it problematic to govern the country. Charlie Wilson, an active USA statesman, took an active role in the Afghan role and stressed on the need to increase the funding levels of the war. Other than offering financial aids, the USA also sent its troops in the region and fought alongside the resisting groups. It is through this collaboration that the authority of the USSR was defeated.
War of Words among Leaders
Although the Cold War had decreased in the 1980s, it is critical to note that the 1980s saw the rise of new global leaders. While some were keen on addressing the issues in the USSR, others sought to continue with the leadership approaches by other dictators such as Stalin. The events lead to an increase in the number of war words between the Reagan administration and the USSR leaders. An example of such a conflict is the relationships between Regan and Gorbachev. While Regan was seen as being the face of the Western allies, Gorbachev was seen as being one of the important figures in the East. In one of his address, Regan hit on Gorbachev and called on him to address the issue of the Berlin Wall if he sought to reform the USSR territories.
During this period, Germany had been divided into both East and West Germany with the USA and the USSR had control of different parts. However, the part supported by the USA recorded significant growth as compared to the region supported by the USSR. Although Germany was initially opposed to the administration of the USA and its domination of global politics, the ruined economic strictures led to a change in the position of Germany. Through the support of the USA, West Germany recorded growth and saw the rise in its industries. However, this was not the case with West Germany. Other than embarking on economic reforms in the region, there was the pursuit of military needs such as an increase in the size of the army. Upon notion the growing differences between the west AND East Germany, many USSR supporters shifted their support to the USA.
On the other hand, the domination of the USA on the major activities in the areas previously controlled by the USSR meant that communist bloc was facing reducing revenues. The decline in the number of recourses meant that the country could not wage a successful war against the USA. On the contrary, it undertook to attain more control on territories in Asia and Africa. In most of the territories that had supported the USSR during the Second World war and the initial stages of the Cold War, there was a rise in the dissatisfaction level that was triggered by the increased economic challenges in the regions.
Revolts in Europe
During the Second World War, the structures of many countries in the Soviet Union had been destroyed. It meant that their economic growth faced a major problem and thus led to increasing in the suffering levels. The situation was compounded by the fact that the USSR did not have adequate resources to fund these countries. During the 1980s, it was a desperate time for many of the USSR supporters that faced economic challenges. The USA took advantage of these events and embraced on the supporting of these countries in conditions that they would demand independence. The period further coincided with the democratization wave. For a long period, many of the communist supporters had been under authoritative leaders.
Unlike the democratic structures used by the USA, it meant that there was the constant violation of human rights as well as the misuses of resources. Moreover, the position taken by the Soviet leaders was seen as losing track thus eliding to teeth call by many countries to have their freedom. The call for freedom aligned with the need to pursue national interest and goals. The series of wars and conflicts in the region had made the economic structures lag behind as compared to those in the USA. The rise of new leaders further saw a change in leadership style in both the East and the West. However, the Soviet Union was opposed to such measures.
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
The other cause of the Cold War was the high tension between the two camps that was linked to the ram race. During the 1970s and the 1980s, the two countries undertook to increase their stock of weapons in preparation for global conflicts.