The United Nation is working to maintain international security and peacearound the globe where security threathas remained common. The primary purpose of the creation of the United Nations was to enhance safety and peaceinternationally after the failure of the League Nations.Despite the United Nations successes, the organization still has experienced failures in some cases.For instance, numerousnumbers of individuals have continued to die, and others left homeless as a result of war or conflicts (Bais&Huijser, 2017).
The United Nation organizationcontinuesto face a lot of challenges regarding how they should deal with the security issue because of the growing cost of handling conflict situationglobally (Bais&Huijser, 2017).TheUnited Nation has reinforced its relationship with bothsub-regional and regionalorganization which plays a more significant role in conflict mediation and prevention.
Some of the threats to international security and peace are widespread terrorist activity in the world. For instance, terrorism is gaining of ideological or religious objective through the use of violence. Countering terrorism has been the agenda of the United Nations system for decades.However, terrorism has occurred through history, and today it doesn’t only affect societies but also affects the entire world, and this has caused tensionhence adversely affecting international peace and security(Bais&Huijser, 2017).Therefore, this paper discusses the role of the UN in promoting peace and security in the world.
Advantages of the United Nations(U.N) is Controlling Peace in the World
Burning of Nuclear Weapons around the World
Nuclear weapons are on top of the list of terrifyingcoercions to international security and peace (Barash, 2017). The United Nation has spent extensively incontrolling the number of nuclear weapons around the world.These weapons can easily destroy the earth if mishandled. The United Nations organization has stepped in to condemn countries against keeping and manufacturing of such dangerous weapons. The United Nations has gone ahead to abolish the use of such nuclear weapons as they may as well turn into human and animal health hazard.
United Nations Fights Terrorism
United Nations organization has stepped in to condemn the terrorist act. Besides, the United Nations has formed a solid unity of armed soldiers from various nations to help fight terrorism (Boardman,2016). For instance, the United Nations’ soldiers are present in many of the terrorism dominated countries such as Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh among other terrorism affected areas. The countries possessing nuclear weapons are security and peace threat to each other. They can easily engage in a fight in case one of them happens to strike first. In this fact, the United States steps in by committing the countries in the signing of various peace treaties and agreements. The peace treaties ensure peace and security is maintained as the states arebound by the treaties (Boardman, 2016).
Handling Contagious Diseases Around the Globe
United Nations is managing the spread of contagious diseases such as Ebola and HIV/AIDS. United Nations is distributing medications to both the infected and affected patients whether mentally and psychologically. For instance, the United Nations’ psychologists are distributed to the affected areas so as to offer guidance to the patients(Kelsen, 2017).Besides, the United Nations’ medical expertssensitize people against such diseases by giving them prevention procedures. The United Nations’ experts are involved in research of such vaccines and where necessary, they allocate medication to the affected(Fenton, 2017). The United Nations may be involved in the building of better hygienic shelter as a means of controlling the contagious diseases. The United Nation Security Council has gone even to declare some infectious disease a national disaster and threat to both security and peace internationally (Fenton, 2017).
United Nations are Involved in Conflict Resolution among Nations
One of the United Nation’s highest objectives remains to be conflict prevention.Preventive accomplishment by the United States surpasses traditional diplomacy (Kelsen, 2017).An interstate conflict might lead to no peace and the international community and people losing their lives a lot. A conflict between states will lead to the decline of economy and destruction of property (Raisov&Simsek, 2018). Therefore, the United Nations officials step in conflicting nations to handle various political, religious and social conflicts. An excellent example happened in Kenya during the 2007 general elections. The mediator by then was the United Nations’ official Kofi Anan. After the United Nations organization saw the unbearable situation in Kenya, they sent their official to intervene and stop the mass killings. Kofi Anan brought together Hon. Raila Odinga and MwaiKibaki who were the main pivots of conflict. Fortunately, the United Nations through Kofi Anan managed to bring the country into calm thanks to the peace treaty signed by both RailaAmolo Odinga and MwaiKibaki to share political powers.
The United nation uses a method of Pacific settlement of disputes in accordance with chapter 6 of the United Nation which contains how the pacific settlement of disputes can be used (Thakur, 2016). The chapter includes the process of judicial, arbitration, conciliation, mediation, inquiry and negotiation settlement among others. There is an alternative of seeking traditional maintenance which is established in international laws in case any of the parties engaged in the dispute happens to global security and peace in danger (Thakur, 2016). The United States is then forced to intervene in case any of the conflicting parties fail to observe article 33.
United Nations offers Humanitarian Assistance to the Disadvantaged
United Nations offers a wide range of donations to the needy as a result of political, climatic and social calamities(Raisov&Simsek, 2018). The United Nations donate clothes and food to the individuals affected by climatic disasters such as tidal sea disastersand droughtamong others(Raisov&Simsek, 2018). The United Nations as well donate water and build boreholes to help solve the drought crisis. Food is also donated to the needy under their organizations. The United Nations might as well offer shelter where necessary to support the affected in restart their lives afresh as it was the case in Haiti.
Change in climate has led to new conflicts over resources and natural commodities.The United States group has been on the front line assisting the people affected by the climatic calamities such as floods and earthquakes such as the Tsunami. United Nations Organization has supported individuals affectedpsychologically by counseling and the ones physically affected through donations of food, temporary shelters, and treatment among other aids (Snyder, 2017).
United Nations is Conducting Peace Keeping Missions
With the growing scarcity of resources around the globe, the scramble for the available ones is expected to stiffen. The scramble leads to the eruption of disputes among nations which eventually culminates to war and insecurity(Snyder, 2017).The United States usually steps in to neutralize these conflicts through their peacekeeping forces. The primary objective of the United Nations’ forces is to maintain peace among the conflicting parties. An excellent example of countries whose peace have been put intact by the United Nations peace mission forces is Sierra Leon, Liberia and Democratic Republic of Congo among other nations(Snyder, 2017).
Disarmament Method by the United Nations PreventsConflicts
The United Nations organization has been making recommendations and conducting forums for disarmament (Jenks, 2017).Frequently, the United Nations organization has been pleading with various nations to embrace treaties banning the use of destructive weapons such as nuclear weapons.Instead, the use of light weapons and small firearms under controlled situationsis encouraged by the United States (Jenks, 2017).
This method used by the united nation has proven to be effective because it has been able to uphold security and peace internationally since it was started (Conte, 2017). The political affairs department should be hailed for its excellent work when it comes to organization on advertising, assessing and monitoring advising the United Nations on better methods of maintaining security and peace.Thesignificant contribution of the United States to peacekeeping and security maintenance around the globe has reflected an accomplishment of the failed objectives of the League of Nations (Conte, 2017).
The United Nations organization still has a significant role of prevention conflict from rising, and if any need arises, they should be able to intervene and solve the problem fairly to prevent a rise of another conflict. Prevention of conflict remains to be among the primary goals of the United Nations Organization. In the currentworld, preventing any kind of conflict encompass beyond traditional preventive diplomacy to involve a broad constellation of UN working on an issue like climate change, human rights and poverty eradication especially of women and children in states facing conflict problems. Both the United Nations organization members and non-members should implement the UN’s proposals on ways to eliminate global insecurity and peace. For instance, all the nations should embrace and practice banning of dangerous weapons which are harmful to other people. Alternatively, countries should sign peace treaties per the United Nations to help eliminated collisions and conflict probabilities. On the other hand, in case of advanced misunderstanding, the conflicting countries are encouraged to seek assistance from the United Nations on the way forward.
The United Nations organization also has a democratic institution and control arms. While the United Nations organization is building on peace and security mechanism, it needs to get financial assistance from its member states. The duties of the United Nations organization are essential inbringing unity and preventing conflicts in various countries. The United Nations organization should continue its role so that the rights of people will be maintained and respected all over the world. Non-member state should join the United Nations organization to gain and get involved with the international community and not be left out.
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